15 Facts About Abhidhamma


Theravada Abhidhamma is a scholastic systematization of the Theravada school's understanding of the highest Buddhist teachings .

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Primary source for the Abhidhamma is the Abhidhamma Pitaka, a set of seven texts which form the third "basket" of the Theravada Tipitaka .

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Sri Lankan branch of the Theravada school later developed further Abhidhamma texts, including commentaries on the books of the Abhidhamma and special introductory manuals.

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Abhidhamma's Visuddhimagga remains one of the most important Theravada texts.

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Abhidhamma remains a living tradition in Theravada nations today and modern Abhidhamma works continue to be written in modern languages such as Burmese and Sinhala.

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Abhidhamma studies are particularly stressed in Myanmar, where it has been the primary subject of study since around the 17th century.

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Books of the Abhidhamma Pitaka were translated into English in the 20th century and published by the Pali Text Society.

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Pali Abhidhamma sought to avoid both absolute pluralism and monism can be seen in various commentarial statements that warn against a one-sided focus or grasping on the principle of plurality .

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Similarly, Noa Ronkin argues that in Theravada Abhidhamma, "sabhava is predominantly used for the sake of determining the dhammas' individuality, not their existential status".

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Paul Williams notes that the Abhidhamma remains focused on the practicalities of insight meditation and leaves ontology "relatively unexplored".

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Theravada Abhidhamma holds that there is a total of 82 possible types of dhammas, 81 of these are conditioned, while one is unconditioned.

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Therefore, Theravada Abhidhamma holds that there is only one singular nibbana, unlike in Vaibhasika or Mahayana Abhidharma, where there are different types of unconditioned elements and different forms of nibbana .

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The Theravada Abhidhamma holds that the mind consciousness has a physical base, a view which is in disagreement with other Buddhist schools, but which finds support in the suttas, which state that consciousness and "name and form" are dependent on each other.

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Abhidhamma sees cognition as a continuum of momentary mental events without any enduring substance or self behind the process.

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Theravada Abhidhamma teaches that there are twenty four kinds of conditional relation.

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