17 Facts About Abidjan


Abidjan remained the capital of the Ivory Coast after its independence from France in 1960.

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Future Abidjan, situated on the edge of the lagoon n'doupe, offered more land and greater opportunities for trade expansion.

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Abidjan became the third capital of Ivory Coast by a 1934 decree, following Grand-Bassam and Bingerville.

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Abidjan's lagoon became connected to the sea once the 15m-deep Vridi canal was completed in 1950.

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When Cote d'Ivoire became independent in 1960, Abidjan became the new country's administrative and economic center.

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From 2002 to 2007 and especially from 2010 to 2011, Abidjan suffered from the consequences of the First and Second Ivorian Civil Wars.

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Formerly managed by the French colonial administration, Abidjan became a municipality in 1956, divided into administrative areas by lagoons.

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In 1980, the municipality of Abidjan was transformed into the City of Abidjan, and its territory was divided in 10 communes.

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In 2001, the City of Abidjan was disbanded and replaced by a larger Autonomous District of Abidjan.

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Since the 2000s, the built-up area of Abidjan has largely expanded into these 4 formerly rural sub-prefectures.

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In 2014, French defense minister Jean-Yves Le Drian announced that Abidjan would be reinforced as the entry point for France's military presence and counterterrorism operations in the Sahel region.

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District of Abidjan's population was 6,321,017 at the December 14,2021 census, up from 4,707,404 at the May 15,2014 census.

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Urban network is disrupted, as Abidjan has seen its population double every seven years since 1945.

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Several utilities are installed in Abidjan: CI Energies, formerly SOPIE, which is a corporation state, ICE and CIPREL, subsidiaries of the French group SAUR Cote d'Ivoire produces all the electricity it consumes, and exports to neighboring countries, Ghana, Togo, Benin, Mali and Burkina Faso through the interconnection.

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Since the 1990s, Abidjan has had a significant variety of musical styles being exported throughout Africa and the West.

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In 1964, the Jeux d'Abidjan took place in Abidjan, as did the final of the African Cup Winners' Cup in 1975,1980,1983, and 1990, then another in 1992 under the name of CAF Confederations Cup.

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Main football event organised in Abidjan was the 1984 African Cup of Nations and one of the finals of the 1983 African Youth Cup of Nations.

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