10 Facts About Abu Hureyra


The tell was inhabited between 13,000 and 9,000 years ago in two main phases: Abu Hureyra 1, dated to the Epipalaeolithic, was a village of sedentary hunter-gatherers; Abu Hureyra 2, dated to the Pre-Pottery Neolithic, was home to some of the world's first farmers.

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Site is significant because the inhabitants of Abu Hureyra started out as hunter-gatherers but gradually moved to farming, making them the earliest known farmers in the world.

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Evidence uncovered at Abu Hureyra suggests that rye was the first cereal crop to be systematically cultivated.

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Abu Hureyra accumulated vegetation that consisted of grasses, oaks, and Pistacia atlantica trees.

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Abu Hureyra is a tell, or ancient settlement mound, in modern-day Raqqa Governorate in northern Syria.

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Neolithic Syria Raqqa

Village of Abu Hureyra had two separate periods of occupation: An Epipalaeolithic settlement and a Neolithic settlement.

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Inhabitants of Abu Hureyra obtained food by hunting, fishing, and gathering of wild plants.

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At Abu Hureyra they were replaced by meat from domesticated animals.

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Village of Abu Hureyra had impressive agricultural advances for the time period.

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Those who lived in the village of Abu Hureyra experienced several injuries and skeletal abnormalities.

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