13 Facts About Acetylcholine


Acetylcholine is an organic chemical that functions in the brain and body of many types of animals as a neurotransmitter.

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Acetylcholine is the neurotransmitter used at the neuromuscular junction—in other words, it is the chemical that motor neurons of the nervous system release in order to activate muscles.

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Acetylcholine is a neurotransmitter in the autonomic nervous system, both as an internal transmitter for the sympathetic nervous system and as the final product released by the parasympathetic nervous system.

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Acetylcholine is the primary neurotransmitter of the parasympathetic nervous system.

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Acetylcholine has been found in cells of non-neural origins as well as microbes.

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Acetylcholine is a choline molecule that has been acetylated at the oxygen atom.

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Acetylcholine is synthesized in certain neurons by the enzyme choline acetyltransferase from the compounds choline and acetyl-CoA.

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Acetylcholine is the substance the nervous system uses to activate skeletal muscles, a kind of striated muscle.

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Acetylcholine has been implicated in learning and memory in several ways.

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Acetylcholine is used by organisms in all domains of life for a variety of purposes.

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Acetylcholine is used by bacteria, fungi, and a variety of other animals.

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Acetylcholine was first noted to be biologically active in 1906, when Reid Hunt and Rene de M Taveau found that it decreased blood pressure in exceptionally tiny doses.

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Acetylcholine named it vagusstoff, noted it to be a structural analog of choline and suspected it to be acetylcholine.

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