20 Facts About Adolph Ochs


Adolph Simon Ochs was an American newspaper publisher and former owner of The New York Times and The Chattanooga Times.


Adolph Ochs was born to a German Jewish family in Cincinnati, Ohio, on March 12,1858.


Adolph Ochs's father had left Bavaria for the United States in 1846.


Adolph Ochs sympathized with the South in the war, but their differing sympathies did not separate their household.


In Knoxville, Adolph Ochs studied in the public schools and during his spare time delivered newspapers.


In 1871 Adolph Ochs worked as a grocer's clerk in Providence, Rhode Island, attending a night school meanwhile.


Adolph Ochs returned to Knoxville, where he was a druggist's apprentice for some time.


In 1872, Adolph Ochs returned to the Chronicle as a "printer's devil", who looked after various details in the composing room of the paper.


Adolph Ochs's siblings worked at the newspaper to supplement the income of their father, a lay religious leader for Knoxville's small Jewish community.


The Chronicle was the only Republican, pro-Reconstruction, newspaper in the city, but Adolph Ochs counted Father Ryan, the Poet-Priest of the Confederacy, among his customers.


Adolph Ochs was one of the founders of the Southern Associated Press and served as president.


In 1904, Adolph Ochs hired Carr Van Anda as his managing editor.


Adolph Ochs added the Times well-known masthead motto: "All the News That's Fit to Print".


In 1904, Adolph Ochs moved the New York Times to a newly built building on Longacre Square in Manhattan, which the City of New York then renamed as Times Square.


In 1884, Adolph Ochs married Effie Wise, a daughter of Rabbi Isaac Mayer Wise of Cincinnati, who was the leading exponent of Reform Judaism in America and the founder of Hebrew Union College.


In 1928 Adolph Ochs built the Mizpah Congregation Temple in Chattanooga in memory of his parents, Julius and Bertha Adolph Ochs.


Adolph Ochs was active in the early years of the Anti-Defamation League, serving as an executive board member, and used his influence as publisher of the New York Times to convince other newspapers nationwide to cease the unjustified caricaturing and lampooning of Jews in the American press.


Adolph Ochs died on April 8,1935, during a visit to Chattanooga.


Adolph Ochs is buried at the Temple Israel Cemetery in Hastings-on-Hudson, Westchester County, New York.


Adolph Ochs was inducted into the Junior Achievement US Business Hall of Fame in 1982.