27 Facts About Adrienne Rich


Adrienne Cecile Rich was an American poet, essayist and feminist.

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Adrienne Rich's was called "one of the most widely read and influential poets of the second half of the 20th century", and was credited with bringing "the oppression of women and lesbians to the forefront of poetic discourse".

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Adrienne Rich criticized rigid forms of feminist identities, and valorized what she coined the "lesbian continuum", which is a female continuum of solidarity and creativity that impacts and fills women's lives.

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Adrienne Rich's famously declined the National Medal of Arts, protesting the vote by House Speaker Newt Gingrich to end funding for the National Endowment for the Arts.

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In 1953, Adrienne Rich married Alfred Haskell Conrad, an economics professor at Harvard University she met as an undergraduate.

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In 1963, Adrienne Rich published her third collection, Snapshots of a Daughter-in-Law, which was a much more personal work examining her female identity, reflecting the increasing tensions she experienced as a wife and mother in the 1950s, marking a substantial change in Adrienne Rich's style and subject matter.

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From 1967 to 1969, Adrienne Rich lectured at Swarthmore College and taught at Columbia University School of the Arts as an adjunct professor in the Writing Division.

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In 1976, Adrienne Rich began her partnership with Jamaican-born novelist and editor Michelle Cliff, which lasted until her death.

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From 1976 to 1979, Adrienne Rich taught at City College and Rutgers University as an English professor.

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Ultimately, they moved to Santa Cruz, where Adrienne Rich continued her career as a professor, lecturer, poet, and essayist.

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Adrienne Rich taught and lectured at UC Santa Cruz, Scripps College, San Jose State University, and Stanford University during the 1980s and 1990s.

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Adrienne Rich's was awarded the Ruth Paul Lilly Poetry Prize, the Elmer Holmes Bobst Award in Arts and Letters from NYU, and the National Poetry Association Award for Distinguished Service to the Art of Poetry .

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In 1977, Adrienne Rich became an associate of the Women's Institute for Freedom of the Press .

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In June 1984, Adrienne Rich presented a speech at the International Conference of Women, Feminist Identity, and Society in Utrecht, Netherlands titled Notes Toward a Politics of Location.

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Adrienne Rich's pleads that the movement must change in order to experience change.

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Adrienne Rich is careful to define the location in which her writing takes place.

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Also in 1992, Adrienne Rich became a grandmother to Julia Arden Conrad and Charles Reddington Conrad.

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Adrienne Rich was survived by her sons, two grandchildren and her partner Michelle Cliff.

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Adrienne Rich wrote several pieces that explicitly tackle the rights of women in society.

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Besides poems and novels, Adrienne Rich wrote and published a number of nonfiction books that tackle feminist issues.

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Works listed above, as well as her various interviews and documentaries, demonstrate that Adrienne Rich has an in-depth perspective on feminism and society.

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One, Adrienne Rich has something to say about the use of the term itself.

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Adrienne Rich writes in depth about "white feminism" and the need for intersectionality within the feminist movement.

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In Blood, Bread, and Poetry, Adrienne Rich writes that "feminism became a political and spiritual base from which I could move to examine rather than try to hide my own racism, recognize that I have anti-racist work to do continuously within myself".

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Adrienne Rich's goes on to write that "so long as [feminists] identify only with white women, we are still connected to that system of objectification and callousness and cruelty called racism".

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Adrienne Rich implores white feminists to consider the fact that "[they], as victims of objectification, have objectified other women" through their role as the oppressor, and through the white privilege they inherently possess under a racist regime.

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Adrienne Rich has written at-length on the topic of white feminism and intersectionality within the feminist movement.

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