22 Facts About Aeschylus


Aeschylus was an ancient Greek tragedian, and is often described as the father of tragedy.

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Aeschylus was likely the first dramatist to present plays as a trilogy.

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In 510 BC, when Aeschylus was 15 years old, Cleomenes I expelled the sons of Peisistratus from Athens, and Cleisthenes came to power.

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Aeschylus was one of many Greeks who were initiated into the Eleusinian Mysteries, an ancient cult of Demeter based in his home town of Eleusis.

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Aeschylus took refuge at the altar in the orchestra of the Theater of Dionysus.

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Aeschylus was acquitted, with the jury sympathetic to the military service of him and his brothers during the Persian Wars.

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Aeschylus produced The Women of Aetna during one of these trips, and restaged his Persians.

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Aeschylus married and had two sons, Euphorion and Euaeon, both of whom became tragic poets.

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Aeschylus' work was so respected by the Athenians that after his death his tragedies were the only ones allowed to be restaged in subsequent competitions.

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Inscription on Aeschylus' gravestone makes no mention of his theatrical renown, commemorating only his military achievements:.

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The first competition Aeschylus would have participated in involved three playwrights each presenting three tragedies and one satyr play.

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Aeschylus entered many of these competitions, and various ancient sources attribute between seventy and ninety plays to him.

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Aeschylus seems to have written about Odysseus' return to Ithaca after the war in a trilogy consisting of The Soul-raisers, Penelope, and The Bone-gatherers.

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Aeschylus continued his emphasis on the polis with The Suppliants in 463 BC.

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Aeschylus's then enters the palace knowing that she cannot avoid her fate.

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Aeschylus makes his way to the temple of Apollo and begs Apollo to drive the Furies away.

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Aeschylus' other plays, only titles and assorted fragments are known.

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Aeschylus added a second actor, allowing for greater dramatic variety, while the chorus played a less important role.

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Aeschylus is sometimes credited with introducing skenographia, or scene-decoration, though Aristotle gives this distinction to Sophocles.

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Aeschylus is said to have made the costumes more elaborate and dramatic, and made his actors wear platform boots to make them more visible to the audience.

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Aeschylus' popularity is evident in the praise that the comic playwright Aristophanes gives him in The Frogs, produced some 50 years after Aeschylus' death.

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Aeschylus appears as a character in the play and claims, at line 1022, that his Seven against Thebes "made everyone watching it to love being warlike".

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