Ahmad Hokmabadi Tabrizi, later known as Ahmad Kasravi, was a pre-eminent Iranian historian, jurist, linguist, theologian, a staunch secularist and intellectual.
68 Facts About Ahmad Kasravi
Ahmad Kasravi was a professor of law at the University of Tehran, as well as an attorney and judge in Tehran, Iran.
Ahmad Kasravi deserted his clerical training after this event and enrolled in the American Memorial School of Tabriz.
Ahmad Kasravi was the founder of a political-social movement whose goal was to build an Iranian secular identity.
Ahmad Kasravi authored more than 70 books, mostly in the Persian language.
Ahmad Kasravi was attacked vehemently by the Shi'ite clergy for his secular ideas and by the court for his anti-monarchical statements.
Ahmad Kasravi was eventually assassinated by followers of Navvab Safavi, the founder of the Shi'ite fundamentalist Fada'iyan-e Islam group.
Many of the prominent members of the then Iranian clergy, including the later Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini, supported the act of Ahmad Kasravi being murdered, and Navvab and the Fada'iyan were proclaimed heroes following the assassination.
Ahmad Kasravi was born on Wednesday, 29 September 1890, in the Hokmavar neighborhood of Tabriz.
Ahmad Kasravi's family admired him as the first son of their family.
Ahmad Kasravi's mother prevented him from playing with other peers.
Ahmad Kasravi was sent to a school in Hekmavar when he was six years old.
Nevertheless, Ahmad Kasravi was a leader in learning, comparing himself to his peers, and he learned many things with his own efforts and with the help of his family.
Ahmad Kasravi's father died at the age of 12 and he returned to religious school and continued it according to his father's will.
Haji Mir Mohsen Agha, who was the husband of the aunt and guardian of the Ahmad Kasravi family, sent him to the Talibiyeh school.
In that school, Ahmad Kasravi first studied in the school with a man named Mullah Hassan.
Ahmad Kasravi first met Sheikh Mohammad Khayabani, who taught Ptolemy, at the same school in Talebia.
In 1904, at the same time as the beginning of the Persian Constitutional Revolution in Tabriz, Ahmad Kasravi first came across the name of the constitution and, according to him, he was dedicated to the constitution from the very beginning.
Ahmad Kasravi's leaning towards the constitution and the opposition of this cleric and Mir Mohsen Agha to the constitution increased his enmity.
Therefore, Ahmad Kasravi stopped learning from him, and as a result, his family guardian resented Ahmad Kasravi and changed his attitude towards him.
At that time, Haji Mirza Hassan Mojtahed and a group of like-minded people in Dohchi formed the Islamic Association, and Ahmad Kasravi, who was still a student at the time, was watching.
Ahmad Kasravi, who was seventeen at the time, was forced to stay at home and read books.
Ahmad Kasravi suffered from anemia and his eyes became dim and he suffered from indigestion.
Ahmad Kasravi entered the Talibiyeh school in Tabriz as a teenager and studied Islamic sciences.
Ahmad Kasravi was in front of the Kasravi Mosque in the Hekmabad neighbourhood of Tabriz for a short time.
Ahmad Kasravi was not satisfied with this and tried to join the fighters with several rifles; But the war did not last more than four days and the Mujahideen left the city and the Russians conquered Tabriz and appointed Samad Khan, one of the long-time enemies of the Constitution, over the city.
Ahmad Kasravi was forced to visit Samad Khan in Bagh-e Amir under the pressure of Haji Mir Mohsen Agha, Guardian their family.
Ahmad Kasravi met Reza Soltanzadeh, who said that this friendship was lasting and lasted until the last years of Kasravi's life.
Ahmad Kasravi was offered to weave socks and he bought a sock machine, but the machine was unhealthy and Ahmad Kasravi returned it the seller did not return his advance payment.
Ahmad Kasravi bought another sock weaving machine, but this one got into trouble and he lost it.
Ahmad Kasravi, who had failed to provide a career and had sold his books, became very depressed.
Ahmad Kasravi was interested in three disciplines: mathematics, history and Arabic, and he spent his time learning and reading these.
Ahmad Kasravi, who suffers from unemployment, accepted the offer and taught Arabic to The students who studied English themselves.
Ahmad Kasravi chose a way to teach Arabic to his students.
Nevertheless, Ahmad Kasravi calls Mr Chesp a righteous man who was far from religious.
Between 1915 and 1916, Ahmad Kasravi, who was familiar with Baha'i history and beliefs, had discussions with the preachers of this religion.
Ahmad Kasravi went to Tiflis and left for Baku after two days.
Ahmad Kasravi did not find anything in Baku, so he boarded a ship and left for Ashgabat.
On his return, the enmity between Muslims and Armenians increased, and Ahmad Kasravi had verbal confrontations with them until one day when he left school, several Armenian students followed him and dragged his cloak away.
The Ottomans formed a party in Tabriz called the Islamic Union, which was joined by a group of Tabrizis as well as Democrats, but Ahmad Kasravi did not join them.
However, in his biography, Ahmad Kasravi has expressed his remorse for being so big against a man who was eighteen or seventeen years older than him.
Ahmad Kasravi went to the British Consulate in Tabriz and met with Major Edmund.
At that time, Ahmad Kasravi had returned to Tabriz, but he and his friends were under pressure and threats.
In Tehran, Ahmad Kasravi met with his companions who had been expelled from Tabriz by a street sheikh.
Ahmad Kasravi was eventually accepted to teach Arabic at Servat High School.
Meetings were held in Tehran and Ahmad Kasravi was asked to fight in the streets, but Ahmad Kasravi refrained from doing so.
Meanwhile, Mukhbar al-Saltanah, who had just become the governor of Azerbaijan, asked Ahmad Kasravi to join him in quelling the street uprising, but Ahmad Kasravi refused.
Meanwhile, Ahmad Kasravi had not yet brought his family to Tehran and did not have enough money to do so.
Inevitably, Ahmad Kasravi left his books to his brother to open a library and not be unemployed.
Ahmad Kasravi wanted to go to Tehran when his wife fell ill.
Ahmad Kasravi enjoyed life in Mazandaran, where he studied the Mazandaran language and studied.
Ahmad Kasravi stayed in Tehran for two months and spent this time researching the history of Mazandaran and writing notes on the history of Tabarestan in the weekly Nobahar and researching Ibn Esfandiar's manuscript and comparing it with foreign manuscripts, which he considered the beginning of his writing life.
Ahmad Kasravi researched events related to the Babi movement in Zanjan, which later helped him write a book on Baha'ism.
Ahmad Kasravi went to Qazvin with his family and stayed there for a month, where he learned about Tahirih.
Ahmad Kasravi set conditions for the acceptance of Khuzestan, and when he was accepted, Ahmad Kasravi agreed to go to Khuzestan.
Sardar Sepah entrusted Ahmad Kasravi to establish a judiciary that would be superior to the British judiciary on the other side of the Arvand River.
Ahmad Kasravi set off and reached Khuzestan via Iraq.
Ahmad Kasravi was surprised by the lack of interest in this city and its small size.
At first, Khazal and his sons were pleased to know that Ahmad Kasravi had knowledge of Arabic, but when Ahmad Kasravi wrote in Arabic newspapers in response to Khuzestan's independent reading and called Khuzestan part of Iran, Khazal became angry with him.
Ahmad Kasravi knew that not all Arabs have a good relationship with Sheikh Khazal.
Ahmad Kasravi was particularly critical of Shia and Sufism, to which he ascribed many ills, from its supposed promotion of stagnation, "irrationality" or even being a tool of the Orientalists.
Abbas Amanat, professor of history at Yale University, believes that Ahmad Kasravi's work regarding the Baha'i called Bahaigari is "a short polemic of little historical value".
Ahmad Kasravi further explains "in his criticism of the Bab, he hardly takes into account the historical circumstances under which the movement first appeared and his pontifical judgements no doubt are influenced by his own vision of pakdini".
Ahmad Kasravi goes on to claim that it is not true that science will destroy Sufism and talks about why Europeans adore Sufism.
The next two chapters are about the Mongolians' attack on Iran and its relationship with Sufism; Ahmad Kasravi blames Sufism for Iran's defeat.
The last chapter is about the Greek philosopher Plotinus, whom Ahmad Kasravi believes is the founder of Sufism, and Ahmad Kasravi's critique of his ideas.
Ahmad Kasravi is known for his solid and controversial research work on the ancient Azari language.
Ahmad Kasravi showed that the ancient Azari language was an offshoot of Pahlavi language.