33 Facts About Alauddin Khalji

1. Alauddin Khalji had amassed wealth in his treasury through campaigns in Deccan and South India and issued many coins.

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2. Alauddin Khalji is mentioned to have made huge donations towards repairing Jain temples.

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3. Alauddin Khalji states that such a submission on the part of the Hindus "has neither been seen before nor will be witnessed hereafter".

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4. Alauddin Khalji believed "that the Hindu will never be submissive and obedient to the Musalman unless he is reduced to abject poverty.

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5. Alauddin Khalji rarely listened to the advice of the orthodox ulama.

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6. Alauddin Khalji was the first sultan to separate religion from the state.

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7. Alauddin Khalji commissioned the Alai Darwaza, which was completed in 1311, and serves as the southern gateway leading to the Quwwat-ul-Islam mosque built by Qutb al-Din Aibak.

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8. Alauddin Khalji camped in Siri during the 1303 Mongol invasion, and after the Mongols left, he built the Qasr-i-Hazar Situn palace at the site of his camp.

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9. Alauddin Khalji sent an order to Raja Karan telling him to send Deval Devi immediately.

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10. Alauddin Khalji had a son with Jhatyapali, Shihabuddin Omar, who succeeded him as the next Khalji ruler.

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11. Alauddin Khalji removed several experienced administrators, abolished the office of wazir, and even executed the minister Sharaf Qa'ini.

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12. Alauddin Khalji became infatuated with his slave-general Malik Kafur, who was promoted to the rank of viceroy, and became the de facto ruler of the Sultanate.

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13. Alauddin Khalji banned prostitution, and ordered all existing prostitutes of Delhi to be married.

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14. Alauddin Khalji banned gambling, and excommunicated drunkards and gamblers from Delhi, along with vendors of intoxicants.

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15. Alauddin Khalji maintained a large standing army, which included 475,000 horseman according to the 16th-century chronicler Firishta.

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16. Alauddin Khalji implemented price control measures for a wide variety of market goods.

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17. Alauddin Khalji eliminated the intermediary Hindu rural chiefs, and started collecting the kharaj directly from the cultivators.

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18. Alauddin Khalji brought a large tract of fertile land under the directly-governed crown territory, by eliminating iqta's, land grants and vassals in the Ganga-Yamuna Doab region.

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19. Alauddin Khalji had to face talk of conspiracies at his court.

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20. Alauddin Khalji strengthened the forts and the military presence along the Mongol routes to India.

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21. Alauddin Khalji managed to reach Delhi before the invaders, but did not have enough time to prepare for a strong defence.

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22. In early 1299, Alauddin Khalji sent Ulugh Khan and Nusrat Khan to invade Gujarat, where the Vaghela king Karna offered a weak resistance.

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23. Alauddin Khalji appointed Ala-ul Mulk as the kotwal of Delhi, and placed all the non-Turkic municipal employees under his charge.

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24. At this time, Alauddin Khalji's could not exercise his authority over all of Jalaluddin's former territories.

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25. Alauddin Khalji increased the strength of the Sultanate's army, and gifted every soldier the salary of a year and a half in cash.

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26. Alauddin Khalji balanced the power between the officers appointed by the Mamluks, the ones appointed by Jalaluddin, and his own appointees.

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27. Alauddin Khalji promoted the existing Amirs to the rank of Maliks, and appointed his close friends as the new Amirs.

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28. Alauddin Khalji requested a letter of pardon signed by the Sultan, which the Sultan immediately despatched through messengers.

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29. Alauddin Khalji left Devagiri with a huge amount of wealth, including precious metals, jewels, silk products, elephants, horses, and slaves.

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30. Alauddin Khalji married Jalaluddin's daughter, Malika-i-Jahan, long before the Khalji revolution of 1290.

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31. Alauddin Khalji was the eldest son of Shihabuddin Mas'ud, who was the elder brother of the Khalji dynasty's founder Sultan Jalaluddin.

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32. Alauddin Khalji rarely heeded to the orthodox ulema but believed "that the Hindu will never be submissive and obedient to the Musalman.

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33. Alauddin Khalji obtained the governorship of Kara in 1291 after suppressing a revolt against Jalaluddin, and the governorship of Awadh in 1296 after a profitable raid on Bhilsa.

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