18 Facts About Albert Claude


Albert Claude was a Belgian-American cell biologist and medical doctor who shared the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine in 1974 with Christian de Duve and George Emil Palade.

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Albert Claude served in the British Intelligence Service during the First World War, and got imprisoned in concentration camps twice.

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Albert Claude was the first to employ the electron microscope in the field of biology.

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Albert Claude was born in 1899 in Longlier, a hamlet in Neufchateau, Belgium, to Florentin Joseph Claude and Marie-Glaudice Watriquant Claude.

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Albert Claude was the youngest among three brothers and one sister.

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Albert Claude's father was a Paris-trained baker and ran a bakery-cum-general store at Longlier valley near railroad station.

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Albert Claude started education in Longlier Primary School, a pluralistic school of single room, mixed grades, and all under one teacher.

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Albert Claude dropped out of school and practically nursed his uncle for several years.

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Albert Claude received travel grants from Belgian government for his doctoral thesis on the transplantation of mouse cancers into rats.

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Albert Claude applied for the Rockefeller Institute in New York, USA.

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Albert Claude then filtered out the cell membranes and placed the remaining cell contents in a centrifuge to separate them according to mass.

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Albert Claude divided the centrifuged contents into fractions, each of a specific mass, and discovered that particular fractions were responsible for particular cell functions.

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Albert Claude was the first to use electron microscope to study biological cells.

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Albert Claude discovered that mitochondria are the "power houses" of all cells.

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Albert Claude discovered cytoplasmic granules full of RNA and named them "microsomes", which were later renamed ribosomes, the protein synthesizing machineries of cell.

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Albert Claude invited him to come and work with him in Brussels, making it possible for Dr Mrena's family to escape the communist regime.

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Albert Claude married Julia Gilder in 1935, with whom he had a daughter Philippa.

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Albert Claude was known to be a bit of an eccentric and had close friendship with painters, including Diego Rivera and Paul Delvaux, and musicians such as Edgard Varese.

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