Alexander Kluge was born on 14 February 1932 and is a German author, philosopher, academic and film director.
16 Facts About Alexander Kluge
Alexander Kluge served as a legal counsel for the Institute, and began writing his earliest stories during this period.
At Adorno's suggestion, he began to investigate filmmaking, and in 1958, Adorno introduced him to German filmmaker Fritz Lang, for whom Alexander Kluge worked as an assistant on the making of The Tiger of Eschnapur.
Alexander Kluge directed his first film in 1960, Brutality in Stone, a twelve-minute, black and white, lyrical montage work which, against the German commercial cinematic amnesia of the prior decade, inaugurated an exploration of the Nazi past.
Alexander Kluge was one of twenty-six signatories to the Oberhausen Manifesto of 1962, which marked the launch of the New German Cinema.
That same year, with filmmakers Edgar Reitz and Detlev Schleiermacher, Alexander Kluge established the Ulm Institut fur Filmgestaltung, to promote the critical and aesthetic practices of Young German Film and the New German Cinema.
Alexander Kluge has gone on to direct a number of films which have an inherent critique of commercial cinema and television through the creation of a counter-public sphere and their deployment of experimental forms, including montage.
In 1987, Alexander Kluge founded the television production company Development Company for Television Program mbH, which produces late-night and night-time independent television slots on the private channels RTL Television, Sat.
Alexander Kluge is one of the major German fiction writers of the late-20th century and an important social critic.
Alexander Kluge has published numerous texts on literary, film and television criticism.
In discussing his literary technique of blending fiction and reality with author Gary Indiana, Alexander Kluge offers a critique of the media industry's presentation of "reality", which he asserts is intrinsically false:.
Since 2016 Alexander Kluge has been collaborating with the American writer Ben Lerner.
Alexander Kluge's awards include the Italian Literature Prize Isola d'Elba, and almost every major German-language literary prize, including the Heinrich von Kleist Prize, the Heinrich-Boll-Preis and the Schiller Memorial Prize.
Alexander Kluge has received the Georg Buchner Prize, Germany's highest literary award.
In recent years Kluge received the triennial Theodor W Adorno Award of 2009.
In 2010 Alexander Kluge received the Grimme Award, one of the most important German television awards, in the category "Special mention" in honour of his lifetime achievements.