10 Facts About Allauddin Khan


Allauddin Khan was born in Shibpur village in Brahmanbaria.


Allauddin Khan took his first music lessons from his elder brother, Fakir Aftabuddin Allauddin Khan.


At age ten, Allauddin Khan ran away from home to join a jatra party where he was exposed to a variety of folk genres: jari, sari, baul, bhatiyali, kirtan, and panchali.


Allauddin Khan went to Kolkata, where he met a physician named Kedarnath, who helped him to become a disciple of Gopal Krishna Bhattacharya, a notable musician of Kolkata in 1877.


Allauddin Khan learned to play many indigenous and foreign musical instruments like sitar, flute, piccolo, mandolin, banjo, etc.


Allauddin Khan learnt to play sanai, naquara, tiquara and jagajhampa from Hazari Ustad and pakhawaj, mridang and tabla from Nandababu.


When Suraj Sahai used to visit Sharda Devi temple in Maihar climbing all the 552 steps, Allauddin Khan used to accompany him and practice Shehnai outside temple precincts.


In 1907, Allauddin khan established the Maihar Band, an orchestral group that was taught music to orphaned children.


In 1955, Allauddin Khan established a college of music in Maihar.


Allauddin Khan was awarded the Padma Bhushan in 1958 and the Padma Vibhushan in 1971, India's third and second highest civilian honours, and prior to that in 1954, the Sangeet Natak Akademi awarded him with its highest honour, the Sangeet Natak Akademi Fellowship for lifetime contribution to Indian music.