24 Facts About Almroth Wright


Sir Almroth Edward Wright was a British bacteriologist and immunologist.

FactSnippet No. 2,030,848

Almroth Wright is notable for developing a system of anti-typhoid fever inoculation, recognizing early on that antibiotics would create resistant bacteria, and being a strong advocate for preventive medicine.

FactSnippet No. 2,030,849

Almroth Wright was the son of Reverend Charles Henry Hamilton Wright, deacon of Middleton Tyas, who later served in Belfast, Dublin, and Liverpool and managed the Protestant Reformation Society.

FactSnippet No. 2,030,850

Almroth Wright married Jane Georgina Wilson in 1889 and had three children.

FactSnippet No. 2,030,851

The first, Edward Robert Mackay Almroth Wright, was born in Glebe, Sydney.

FactSnippet No. 2,030,852

Second son Leonard Almoth Wilson Almroth Wright was born in Dublin, as was daughter Doris Helena MacNaughton Almroth Wright.

FactSnippet No. 2,030,853

In 1902, Almroth Wright started a research department at St Mary's Hospital Medical School in London.

FactSnippet No. 2,030,854

Almroth Wright developed a system of anti-typhoid fever inoculation and brought the humoral and cellular theories of immunity together by showing the cooperation of a substance contained in the serum with the phagocytes against pathogens.

FactSnippet No. 2,030,855

In 1919 Almroth Wright returned to St Mary's and remained there until his retirement in 1946.

FactSnippet No. 2,030,856

Almroth Wright was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society in May 1906.

FactSnippet No. 2,030,857

Almroth Wright warned early on that antibiotics would create resistant bacteria, something that has proven an increasing danger.

FactSnippet No. 2,030,858

Almroth Wright made his thoughts on preventive medicine influential, stressing preventive measures.

FactSnippet No. 2,030,859

Almroth Wright's ideas have been re-asserted recently—70 years after his death—by modern researchers in articles in such periodicals as Scientific American.

FactSnippet No. 2,030,860

Almroth Wright argued that microorganisms are vehicles of disease but not its cause, a theory that earned him the nickname "Almroth Wrong" from his opponents.

FactSnippet No. 2,030,861

Almroth Wright proposed that logic be introduced as a part of medical training, but his idea was never adopted.

FactSnippet No. 2,030,862

Almroth Wright pointed out that Pasteur and Fleming, although both excellent researchers, had not actually managed to find cures for the diseases for which they had sought cures, but instead had stumbled upon cures for totally unrelated diseases.

FactSnippet No. 2,030,863

Almroth Wright was a strong proponent of the Ptomaine theory for the cause of Scurvy.

FactSnippet No. 2,030,864

Almroth Wright argued that women's brains were innately different from men's and were not constituted to deal with social and public issues.

FactSnippet No. 2,030,865

Almroth Wright's arguments were most fully expounded in his book The Unexpurgated Case Against Woman Suffrage.

FactSnippet No. 2,030,866

Almroth Wright was a friend of his fellow-Irishman George Bernard Shaw.

FactSnippet No. 2,030,867

Almroth Wright was immortalised as Sir Colenso Ridgeon in the play The Doctor's Dilemma written in 1906, which arose from conversations between Shaw and Wright.

FactSnippet No. 2,030,868

Almroth Wright was knighted shortly before the play was written, and Shaw was suspicious of Almroth Wright's high reputation.

FactSnippet No. 2,030,869

Almroth Wright had been honoured for his deeds a total of 29 times in his lifetime – a knighthood, 5 honorary doctorates, 5 honorary orders, 6 fellowships, 4 prizes, 4 memberships, and 3 medals.

FactSnippet No. 2,030,870

Almroth Wright was nominated 14 times for the Nobel prize from 1906 to 1925.

FactSnippet No. 2,030,871