22 Facts About Amazon rainforest


Amazon rainforest, Amazon jungle or Amazonia is a moist broadleaf tropical rainforest in the Amazon biome that covers most of the Amazon basin of South America.

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Name Amazon rainforest is said to arise from a war Francisco de Orellana fought with the Tapuyas and other tribes.

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The Amazon rainforest has been in existence for at least 55 million years, and most of the region remained free of savanna-type biomes at least until the current ice age when the climate was drier and savanna more widespread.

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However, the Amazon rainforest still managed to thrive during these glacial periods, allowing for the survival and evolution of a broad diversity of species.

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In present day, the Amazon rainforest receives approximately 9 feet of rainfall annually.

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Some scientists argue that the Amazon rainforest was reduced to small, isolated refugia separated by open forest and grassland; other scientists argue that the Amazon rainforest remained largely intact but extended less far to the north, south, and east than is seen today.

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Amazon rainforest phosphorus comes as smoke due to biomass burning in Africa.

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The development of this fertile soil allowed agriculture and silviculture in the previously hostile environment; meaning that large portions of the Amazon rainforest are probably the result of centuries of human management, rather than naturally occurring as has previously been supposed.

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Biodiversity in the Amazon rainforest is becoming increasingly threatened, primarily by habitat loss from deforestation as well as increased frequency of fires.

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The main sources of deforestation in the Amazon rainforest are human settlement and the development of the land.

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The soils in the Amazon rainforest are productive for just a short period of time, so farmers are constantly moving to new areas and clearing more land.

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Amazon rainforest has used his time in office to allow for more deforestation and more exploitation of the Amazon's rich natural resources.

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One computer model of future climate change caused by greenhouse gas emissions shows that the Amazon rainforest could become unsustainable under conditions of severely reduced rainfall and increased temperatures, leading to an almost complete loss of rainforest cover in the basin by 2100.

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The result indicates that the Amazon rainforest could be threatened through the 21st century by climate change in addition to deforestation.

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One hectare in the Peruvian Amazon rainforest has been calculated to have a value of $6820 if intact forest is sustainably harvested for fruits, latex, and timber; $1000 if clear-cut for commercial timber ; or $148 if used as cattle pasture.

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An ecotourism project in the Brazilian-section of the Amazon rainforest had been under consideration by Brazil's State Secretary for the Environment and Sustainable Development in 2009, along the Aripuana river, in the Aripuana Sustainable Development Reserve.

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Results of a 2021 scientific synthesis indicate that, in terms of global warming, the Amazon basin with the Amazon rainforest is currently emitting more greenhouse gases than it absorbs overall.

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Use of remote sensing for the conservation of the Amazon rainforest is being used by the indigenous tribes of the basin to protect their tribal lands from commercial interests.

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Currently, most tribes in the Amazon rainforest do not have clearly defined boundaries, making it easier for commercial ventures to target their territories.

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In 2005, parts of the Amazon rainforest basin experienced the worst drought in one hundred years, and there were indications that 2006 may have been a second successive year of drought.

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In 2010, the Amazon rainforest experienced another severe drought, in some ways more extreme than the 2005 drought.

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In 2020, a 17 percent rise was noted in the Amazon rainforest wildfires, marking the worst start to the fire season in a decade.

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