American Horse was an Oglala Lakota chief, statesman, educator and historian.
35 Facts About American Horse
American Horse is notable in American history as a US Army Indian Scout and a progressive Oglala Lakota leader who promoted friendly associations with whites and education for his people.
American Horse was one of the first Wild Westers with Buffalo Bill's Wild West and a supporter of the Carlisle Indian Industrial School.
American Horse was first known as Manishnee and his nickname was Spider.
American Horse was about ten years old when he was attacked by three Crow warriors, while driving a herd of ponies to water.
American Horse yelled frantically at the ponies to start them toward home, while he dropped off into a thicket of willows and hid there.
American Horse allied himself with the Wagluhe people at Fort Robinson and became a son-in-law to Chief Red Cloud.
American Horse soon enlisted as a US Army Indian Scout, and the military made much use of him keeping the young braves quiet and recruiting new scouts.
Chief Blue Horse was arrested for a short time for not following Mackenzie's order to report northern "hostile" Indians slipping into his Waghule village.
Chief American Horse the Elder was a son of Old Chief Smoke, an Oglala Lakota head chief and one of the last great Shirt Wearers, "Ogle Tanka Un", a highly prestigious Lakota "chief warrior" society.
American Horse was a signatory to the Fort Laramie Treaty of 1868, along with Chief Red Cloud and Chief Blue Horse, his brothers.
American Horse claimed that he personally killed Captain William J Fetterman with his war club in the Fetterman Fight during Red Cloud's War.
On May 6,1877, Crazy American Horse surrendered at Fort Robinson.
American Horse and other Oglala leaders believed that Crazy Horse was a threat to order, and he made it fairly plain that he hated the whites and he intended to attempt to return to his old wild life in the north at the first opportunity.
Crook was convinced that Crazy American Horse meant what he said, and returned to Camp Robinson sending out a message for the chiefs to come there for the council.
American Horse told them they should prove their loyalty by arresting Crazy Horse.
Crazy American Horse had almost escaped alone, but soon turned to the nearby Spotted Tail Agency with his sick wife where he was arrested by agency Indians.
Once inside, Crazy American Horse struggled with the guard and Little Big Man and attempted to escape.
Just outside the door, Crazy American Horse was stabbed with a bayonet by one of the members of the guard.
American Horse was taken to the adjutant's office, where he was tended by the assistant post surgeon at the post, Dr Valentine McGillycuddy, and died late that night.
American Horse was influential and energetic in the cause of the government.
Chief American Horse was a delegate to many peace conferences in Washington.
American Horse was always noted for his eloquence, which was nearly always conciliatory, yet he could say very sharp things of the duplicity of the whites.
American Horse had much ease of manner and was a master of repartee.
American Horse was one of the earliest advocates of education for the Indian, and his son Samuel and nephew Robert were among the first students at Carlisle.
American Horse had grown into an influential tribal politician and was the head of a large household with two wives and at least ten children.
American Horse had become a sophisticated man who adroitly negotiated his way between the traditional Lakota society and the new white society encircling him.
American Horse had become a shrewd politician and his friendliness with whites was a calculation to win concessions for himself and his people.
Above all, American Horse prided himself in his sagacity, It was glaringly apparent to him that his offspring would have to deal with whites, and perhaps even live with them, whether they liked it or not.
American Horse once slapped Miss Hyde, the matron, when Hyde insisted that Maggie make her bed every day and keep her room clean.
American Horse was the first to bring in his people.
Chief American Horse was always welcome guest at The Wigwam, Major Israel McCreight's home in Du Bois, Pennsylvania.
In 1879, American Horse drew the winter count in a sketchbook at the request of William H Corbusier, an Army surgeon.
American Horse said that the winter count had been kept in his family for generations, passed down from his grandfather, to his father, to him.
Chief American Horse died from natural causes in his house near Kyle, Pine Ridge, South Dakota on December 16,1908.