In 1803, Yashwant Amrut Rao Holkar invaded Pune and deposed his adoptive brother Peshwa Baji Amrut Rao II.
24 Facts About Amrut Rao
Subsequently, Holkar set up an ad hoc council nominally headed by Amrut Rao, and ran the Peshwa's government in his name.
Subsequently, Amrut Rao signed a treaty with the British, agreeing to give up all claims over the Peshwa's office in return for a pension and an estate in Bundelkhand.
Amrut Rao was adopted by Raghunath Rao, the Maratha Peshwa who allied with the British East India Company in 1775.
Raghunath Amrut Rao died a year later in 1783, and his family was kept in confinement by the Peshwa's minister Nana Fadnavis.
Khan took the widows to Amrut Rao, who happened to be near Koregaon Bhima.
Amrut Rao arrived near Pune to meet Scindia on behalf of the ladies.
Amrut Rao set up his camp on the banks of the Mula river, near the Khadki bridge.
Scindia's father-in-law and general Sarji Amrut Rao Ghatge led two battalions to the riverside, on the pretext of maintaining order at the local Muharram procession.
Therefore, Holkar sent for Baji Rao's brother Amrut Rao, who was in Junnar.
Amrut Rao arrived in Pune with his son Vinayak Rao, who had been adopted by Yasoda Bai, the widow of Baji Rao II's predecessor Peshwa Madhav Rao II.
Holkar set up an ad hoc council headed by Amrut Rao, and ran the Peshwa's government in his name.
Amrut Rao attempted to give a legal status to his new government at Pune by appointing Vinayak Rao as the new Peshwa.
Meanwhile, Baji Amrut Rao II had fled to Vasai, and had sought assistance from the British.
Yashwant Rao Holkar and Amrut Rao unsuccessfully tried to obtain British support for their government.
Amrut Rao was forced to flee Pune with Holkar's men.
At one point, Amrut Rao's soldiers bound him to the muzzle of a cannon.
Amrut Rao had joined Holkar reluctantly, and saw little sense in fighting against the British.
On 14 August 1803, Amrut Rao signed an agreement with the British.
Amrut Rao agreed to abandon all claims over the Peshwa's office and to remain friendly with the British.
Amrut Rao once freed all the persons imprisoned in Benares for debt, by paying off their debts.
Amrut Rao died on 6 September 1824, at Secrole near Benares.
The revolt was crushed: Narayan Amrut Rao died a prisoner, while Madho Amrut Rao was allowed to remain a landlord in consideration of his young age at the time of the uprising.
Narayan Amrut Rao's daughter was awarded a state in Banda and Chitrakoot on the guarantees of Sindhiya and Holkar.