17 Facts About Amun


Amun-Ra retained chief importance in the Egyptian pantheon throughout the New Kingdom.

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Amun rose to the position of tutelary deity of Thebes after the end of the First Intermediate Period, under the 11th Dynasty.

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Major construction work in the Precinct of Amun-Ra took place during the 18th Dynasty when Thebes became the capital of the unified ancient Egypt.

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The victory against the "foreign rulers" achieved by pharaohs who worshipped Amun caused him to be seen as a champion of the less fortunate, upholding the rights of justice for the poor.

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Since he upheld Ma'at, those who prayed to Amun were required first to demonstrate that they were worthy, by confessing their sins.

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Amun thus became associated with the ram arising from the aged appearance of the Kush ram deity, and depictions related to Amun sometimes had small ram's horns, known as the Horns of Ammon.

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The later name of Nubian Amun was Amani, attested in numerous personal names such as Tanwetamani, Arkamani, and Amanitore.

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Since rams were considered a symbol of virility, Amun became thought of as a fertility deity, and so started to absorb the identity of Min, becoming Amun-Min.

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Amun defaced the symbols of many of the old deities, and based his religious practices upon the deity, the Aten.

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Amun moved his capital away from Thebes, but this abrupt change was very unpopular with the priests of Amun, who now found themselves without any of their former power.

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God of wind Amun came to be identified with the solar god Ra and the god of fertility and creation Min, so that Amun-Ra had the main characteristic of a solar god, creator god and fertility god.

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Amun adopted the aspect of the ram from the Nubian solar god, besides numerous other titles and aspects.

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Leiden hymn to Amun describes how he calms stormy seas for the troubled sailor:.

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The Amun priests owned two-thirds of all the temple lands in Egypt and 90 percent of her ships and many other resources.

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Consequently, the Amun priests were as powerful as the pharaoh, if not more so.

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Amun was pronounced son of Amun at this oracle, thus conquering Egypt without a fight.

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Amun is likely mentioned in the Hebrew Bible as ???? ??? Amon of No in Jeremiah 46:25, and Thebes possibly is called No-Amon in Nahum 3:8.

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