15 Facts About Amursana


Amursana was born in 1723 to a noble mother from the Dzungar-Oirat tribe and taisha or crown prince of the Khoit-Oirat clan.


Amursana first married Danjung, the eldest son of Lha-bzang Khan, ruler of the Khoshut-Oirats tribe.


Amursana was one of Dawachi's few followers who returned to Tarbagatai to join up with his Khoit clansmen.


Amursana then traveled to Beijing to seek the emperor's assistance in defeating Dawachi and retaking Ili and neighboring Kashgar.


Amursana's persuaded the ambitious and glory-seeking Qianlong to back his plan, in addition to granting him a princedom of the first degree, which entitled Amursana to double stipends and privileges, as a bonus.


Amursana was made Border Pacification Vice-general of the Left of the Northern Route Army.


Amursana had hoped to usurp Dawachi's position as head of the Dzungars but Qianlong had already pre-empted such a move.


Amursana spurned the offer of Khan over the Khoits and demanded to be khan of all Oirats.


Amursana rallied the majority of the remaining Oirats and launched his rebellion against the Qing.


Amursana escaped and fled to the Kazakh Khanate where his father-in-law, Ablai Khan, refused to hand him over, despite the threat of a Qing invasion of his territory.


Amursana dismissed them and ordered the withdrawal of all troops then appointed Zhao Hui commander of a small expeditionary force that was sent to garrison Ili.


Amursana returned to Ili to rally the insurgents and almost annihilated Zhao Hui's forces.


Amursana escaped for a third time to the Kazakh Khanate, but not long afterwards Ablai Khan pledged tributary status to the Chinese, which meant Amursana was no longer safe.


Amursana fled west to Siberia and sought asylum from the Russians at their fortress in Semipalatinsk.


Amursana was the inspiration behind the Ak Jang new religious movement.