48 Facts About Anastasio Bustamante


Anastasio Bustamante y Oseguera was a Mexican physician, general, and politician who served as president of Mexico three times.


Anastasio Bustamante participated in the Mexican War of Independence initially as a royalist before siding with Agustin de Iturbide and supporting the Plan of Iguala.


Anastasio Bustamante's leading minister during this time was the conservative intellectual Lucas Alaman.


Anastasio Bustamante briefly stepped down in 1839 to suppress a rebellion led by Jose de Urrea.


The state of Yucatan broke away in 1839, and in 1840 Anastasio Bustamante himself was taken hostage in the capital by federalist rebels who were ultimately defeated.


Anastasio Bustamante spent his last years in San Miguel de Allende where he died in 1853.


Anastasio Bustamante's family did not have great wealth and his father was employed transporting snow to Guadalajara, nonetheless they provided the young Anastasio with a good education.


Anastasio Bustamante then went to Mexico City to study medicine with Dr Ligner professor of chemistry at the college of mining.


Anastasio Bustamante was promoted to captain in 1812 and found himself at the Siege of Cuautla in which he was commissioned by Calleja to break the siege.


Anastasio Bustamante then found himself seeing action in the Valley of Apam where he was wounded in action.


Anastasio Bustamante was recruited to the regiments of Pascual Linan and sent to repulse the invasion started at Galveston by Javier Mina.


Anastasio Bustamante captured the Fort of Remedios where he took the batteries in spite of being wounded and pursued the fleeing insurgents with cavalry.


Anastasio Bustamante helped pacify the entire province of Guanajuato culminating in the battle at the Hacienda de Guanimaro in which he routed the forces of Torres and the American filibuster Gregorio Wolf.


Towards the end of the war Anastasio Bustamante found himself at the Hacienda de Pantoja in charge of operations at the Valle of Santiago when Captain Quintanilla on behalf of Agustin de Iturbide attempting to recruit him to join the Plan of Iguala to which Anastasio Bustamante aquieced.


The viceroy had given orders to the commandant general of the province Antonio Linares that Anastasio Bustamante be withdrawn from his command, but Anastasio Bustamante intercepted the message, and he proclaimed his support for independence on March 19,1821.


Anastasio Bustamante traveled to Celaya where he offered to Linares the command post which he rejected, he entered Guanajuato without meeting any resistance, and he removed from the Alhondiga the bodies of the insurgents who had been executed for fighting for independence at the start of the war, moving them rather to the cemetery of San Sebastian.


Anastasio Bustamante set out to suppress raids and protect the frontier.


Anastasio Bustamante was influenced by Jose Antonio Facio, a great opponent of Guerrero, and some Yorkinos disillusioned with the president.


On December 4,1829, Anastasio Bustamante proclaimed the Plan of Jalapa against the government on the pretext of restoring constitutional order against the president's alleged dictatorial tendencies.


Anastasio Bustamante named Lucas Alaman: Minister of Interior and Exterior Relations, Rafael Mangino: Minister of Finance, Colonel Facio: Minister of War and Marine, and Minister of Justice: Jose Ignacio Espinosa.


At the opening of congress on January 1,1832, Anastasio Bustamante reported that the states all now had considerable surplus funds, and that the treasury had enough funds to pay six months interest on the foreign debt.


Anastasio Bustamante gave up the military struggle and opened negotiations at which it was agreed to enter into an armistice until congress could approve a peace treaty between parties.


Congress refused to surrender, but Anastasio Bustamante disobeyed them to avert further bloodshed and proceeded to negotiate a peace that was ratified on December 23,1832, through the Treaty of Zavaleta.


Anastasio Bustamante was banished to Europe two years later in 1833.


Anastasio Bustamante spend his exile travelling the nations of Europe, touring military establishments, and while in Paris, attending lectures at the Atheneum, including those of the Astronomer Francois Arago.


Anastasio Bustamante learned to speak fluent French albeit with a heavy accent, and his standing as the former president of Mexico gave him access to prominent individuals.


In 1833, the liberal government of Valentin Gomez Farias, which had succeeded Anastasio Bustamante was overthrown by Santa Anna who had now switched sides to the conservatives and helped rewrite the constitution, establishing the Centralist Republic of Mexico, which stripped the provinces of their autonomy in favor of a strong central government.


Anastasio Bustamante remained in Europe for the time being, but he was heavily affected by news of the Battle of San Jacinto in 1836, through which Mexico lost Texas.


The government invited him back into the country, and the newly arrived Anastasio Bustamante offered his services to the nation in the war against Texas.


Anastasio Bustamante accepted, and published a proclamation explaining that he had left his peaceful retirement in Europe to offer his services to the nation in their struggle against Texas.


Anastasio Bustamante lamented that there was a lack of funds to pursue this end, and promised to pursue impartial justice, and the good of the country.


Anastasio Bustamante chose Joaquin Lebrija as the minister of the treasury, Mariano Michelena as minister of war, Manuel de la Pena y Pena as minister of the interior and Luis Gonzaga Cuevas, known to be an associate of Bustamante's previous minister Lucas Alaman, as minister of relations.


Anastasio Bustamante returned to the capital on July 19,1839, and faced criticism for his campaign which upon reaching San Luis Potosi had largely remained idle, and Anastasio Bustamante defended his conduct by reminding his opponents about how he had directed the final and decisive campaigns of Arista.


Anastasio Bustamante was not able to suppress the Yucatan movement and its success inspired the federalists to renew their struggle.


The soldiers aimed their muskets at Anastasio Bustamante, but were restrained by their officer who reminded them that Anastasio Bustamante had once been Iturbide's second in command.


In spite of his conservatism and centralism, Anastasio Bustamante was hardly sympathetic to calls for importing a foreign monarch.


The budget of 1841 at the end of Anastasio Bustamante's rule estimated the revenue at $12,874,100, less $4,800,000 coming from customs, and the expenditures at $21,836,781, whereof $17,116,878, more than eighty percent went to the military, leaving a deficit of $13,762,681.


Anastasio Bustamante gathered as many troops as he could, gathered more on the way and entered the city of Tacubaya where he was joined by Santa Anna.


Anastasio Bustamante attempted to proclaim support for the federal system in order to divide his enemies, but the ploy failed.


The insurgents were triumphant and Anastasio Bustamante officially surrendered power through the Estanzuela Accords on October 6,1841.


Under president Paredes, Anastasio Bustamante was made a senator for the national constitutional assembly that was to mee in June, 1846.


Anastasio Bustamante was wary of changing the constitution, but when the assembly met he was made president of the congress.


Anastasio Bustamante was sent on an expedition to reinforce California, but never made it due to budget issues, and a diversion to control an uprising in Mazatlan.


Anastasio Bustamante was amongst those opposed to the Treaty of Guadalupe which lost the nation half of its territory, but as the final ratification was approaching and Manuel de la Pena y Pena asked him on the wisdom of continuing the war, Bustamante merely replied that he would obey the government regardless of what it decided upon.


Anastasio Bustamante spent his time talking with his friends and recounting his eventful political career or whatever had grabbed his attention during his trips.


Anastasio Bustamante died on February 6,1853, at the age of seventy-two.


Anastasio Bustamante was buried at the Parish of San Miguel de Allende.


Anastasio Bustamante's heart was buried next to the remains of Iturbide at the National Cathedral.