18 Facts About Anatomy


Anatomy is the branch of biology concerned with the study of the structure of organisms and their parts.

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Anatomy is a branch of natural science that deals with the structural organization of living things.

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Anatomy is quite distinct from physiology and biochemistry, which deal respectively with the functions of those parts and the chemical processes involved.

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Anatomy can be studied using both invasive and non-invasive methods with the goal of obtaining information about the structure and organization of organs and systems.

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The major anatomy textbook, Gray's Anatomy, has been reorganized from a systems format to a regional format, in line with modern teaching methods.

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Anatomy observed that when a ring-like portion of bark was removed on a trunk a swelling occurred in the tissues above the ring, and he unmistakably interpreted this as growth stimulated by food coming down from the leaves, and being captured above the ring.

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Anatomy was able to distinguish the sensory and the motor nerves in the human body and believed that air entered the lungs and heart, which was then carried throughout the body.

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Anatomy's distinction between the arteries and veins—the arteries carrying the air through the body, while the veins carried the blood from the heart was a great anatomical discovery.

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Anatomy showed that the uterus is a hollow organ and described the ovaries and uterine tubes.

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Anatomy recognized that spermatozoa were produced by the testes and was the first to identify the prostate gland.

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Anatomy compiled existing knowledge and studied anatomy through dissection of animals.

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Anatomy was one of the first experimental physiologists through his vivisection experiments on animals.

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Anatomy's work was known to Renaissance doctors only through Islamic Golden Age medicine until it was translated from the Greek some time in the 15th century.

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Anatomy developed little from classical times until the sixteenth century; as the historian Marie Boas writes, "Progress in anatomy before the sixteenth century is as mysteriously slow as its development after 1500 is startlingly rapid".

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Anatomy made use of his anatomical knowledge in his artwork, making many sketches of skeletal structures, muscles and organs of humans and other vertebrates that he dissected.

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The practice was halted in Britain by the Anatomy Act of 1832, while in the United States, similar legislation was enacted after the physician William S Forbes of Jefferson Medical College was found guilty in 1882 of "complicity with resurrectionists in the despoliation of graves in Lebanon Cemetery".

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Anatomy was responsible for setting up the system of three years of "pre-clinical" academic teaching in the sciences underlying medicine, including especially anatomy.

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Anatomy noticed that the frequently fatal fever occurred more often in mothers examined by medical students than by midwives.

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