26 Facts About Anders Chydenius


Anders Chydenius was a Swedish-Finnish Lutheran priest and a member of the Swedish Riksdag, and is known as the leading classical liberal of Nordic history.

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Anders Chydenius was born in 1729 in Sotkamo, Ostrobothnia where his father Jacob was a chaplain.

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Anders Chydenius' childhood was spent in the barren area of northern Finland.

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In 1753, after graduation, Anders Chydenius was appointed preacher of the Chapel of the dependent parish of Nedervetil in Ostrobothnia.

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Anders Chydenius was married in 1755 to Beata Magdalena Mellberg, daughter of a merchant from Jakobstad.

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Anders Chydenius practiced medicine and became known by inoculating ordinary people against smallpox.

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Anders Chydenius was sent to the Diet in 1765 to obtain free trading rights for the towns of Ostrobothnia.

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Anders Chydenius participated actively in the Diet, and published several articles of criticism which caused a great stir.

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Anders Chydenius considered that one of his greatest achievements was an extension of the freedom of the press.

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Anders Chydenius maintained his own orchestra, and rehearsed with them.

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Anders Chydenius's father lived in the parsonage at Gamlakarleby from 1746 to 1766, and Anders lived there from 1770 to 1803.

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Between 1778 and 1779 Anders Chydenius participated in the Diet, at which the position of hired hands was brought up.

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Anders Chydenius participated in the Diet again in 1793 and was active as a writer covering the development of agriculture, the burning of saltpeter, smallpox, and the settlement of Lapland.

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In 1765 Anders Chydenius published a pamphlet called The National Gain, in which he proposes ideas of free trade and industry, explores the relationship between economy and society, and lays out the principles for liberalism, capitalism, and modern democracy.

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Anders Chydenius put his theories into practice by proposing to the Riksdag of the Estates a drastic trade liberalization of towns along the Gulf of Bothnia.

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Anders Chydenius was outspoken about universal rights and the abolition of privilege.

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Anders Chydenius wanted to give the poor the same freedom as for everybody else and argued for the good of the poor, which was then rather exceptional among politicians.

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Anders Chydenius promoted democracy and defended the freedom of religion, freedom of speech, freedom of trade and industry, and the workers rights.

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Anders Chydenius called for an oversight of the way the state funds were spent.

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Anders Chydenius can be seen as a major influence on Nordic thinkers as well as real-life politics, strictly promoting classical liberalism.

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Anders Chydenius is remembered as a man ahead of his time, expressing ideas that were radical in his day, but are now the backbone of the Nordic ideology.

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Anders Chydenius can be seen as an Enlightenment thinker, an advocate of science, arts, rational thinking and freedom.

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Anders Chydenius was a scientist and skilled eye-surgeon, the maker of several inventions, a pioneer of vaccination in Finland and the founder of an orchestra.

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Anders Chydenius was featured on the highest valued bank note of the Finnish mark's last design series.

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Anders Chydenius was selected as the main motif in a recent Finnish commemorative coin, the €10 Anders Chydenius commemorative coin, minted in 2003.

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Anders Chydenius family is even today a well known cultural family in Finland.

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