27 Facts About Andrew Marvell


Andrew Marvell was an English metaphysical poet, satirist and politician who sat in the House of Commons at various times between 1659 and 1678.

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At the age of 13, Andrew Marvell attended Trinity College, Cambridge and eventually received a BA degree.

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Andrew Marvell lived during that time at Nun Appleton Hall, near York, where he continued to write poetry.

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Andrew Marvell became a tutor to Cromwell's ward, William Dutton, in 1653, and moved to live with his pupil at the house of John Oxenbridge in Eton.

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Andrew Marvell wrote several poems in praise of Cromwell, who was by this time Lord Protector of England.

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In 1657, Andrew Marvell joined Milton, who by that time had lost his sight, in service as Latin secretary to Cromwell's Council of State at a salary of £200 a year, which represented financial security at that time.

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Andrew Marvell was succeeded as Lord Protector by his son Richard.

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In 1659 Andrew Marvell was elected Member of Parliament for Kingston upon Hull in the Third Protectorate Parliament.

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Andrew Marvell was paid a rate of 6 shillings, 8 pence per day during sittings of parliament, a financial support derived from the contributions of his constituency.

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Andrew Marvell was re-elected MP for Hull in 1660 for the Convention Parliament.

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Andrew Marvell avoided punishment for his own co-operation with republicanism, and he helped convince the government of Charles II not to execute John Milton for his antimonarchical writings and revolutionary activities.

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The closeness of the relationship between the two former colleagues is indicated by the fact that Andrew Marvell contributed an eloquent prefatory poem, entitled "On Mr Milton's Paradise Lost", to the second edition of Milton's epic Paradise Lost.

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In 1661 Andrew Marvell was re-elected MP for Hull in the Cavalier Parliament.

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Andrew Marvell eventually came to write several long and bitterly satirical verses against the corruption of the court.

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From 1659 until his death in 1678, Andrew Marvell was serving as London agent for the Hull Trinity House, a shipmasters' guild.

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Andrew Marvell went on two missions to the continent, one to the Dutch Republic and the other encompassing Russia, Sweden, and Denmark.

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Andrew Marvell spent some time living in a cottage on Highgate Hill in north London, where his time in the area is recorded by a bronze plaque that bears the following inscription:.

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Andrew Marvell died suddenly in 1678, while in attendance at a popular meeting of his old constituents at Hull.

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Andrew Marvell's health had previously been remarkably good; and it was supposed by many that he was poisoned by some of his political or clerical enemies.

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Andrew Marvell was buried in the church of St Giles in the Fields in central London.

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Andrew Marvell's monument, erected by his grateful constituency, bears the following inscription:.

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Andrew Marvell having served twenty years successfully in Parliament, and that with such Wisdom, Dexterity, and Courage, as becomes a true Patriot, the town of Kingston-upon-Hull, from whence he was deputed to that Assembly, lamenting in his death the public loss, have erected this Monument of their Grief and their Gratitude, 1688.

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Andrew Marvell wrote anonymous prose satires criticizing the monarchy and Roman Catholicism, defending Puritan dissenters, and denouncing censorship.

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Andrew Marvell had flirted briefly with Catholicism as a youth, and was described in his thirties as "a notable English Italo-Machiavellian".

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Vincent Palmieri noted that Andrew Marvell is sometimes known as the "British Aristides" for his incorruptible integrity in life and poverty at death.

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Andrew Marvell is said to have adhered to the established stylized forms of his contemporary neoclassical tradition.

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Andrew Marvell adopted familiar forms and infused them with his unique conceits, analogies, reflections and preoccupations with larger questions about life and death T S Eliot wrote of Marvell's style that "It is more than a technical accomplishment, or the vocabulary and syntax of an epoch; it is, what we have designated tentatively as wit, a tough reasonableness beneath the slight lyric grace".

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