26 Facts About Andrew Marvell


Andrew Marvell was an English metaphysical poet, satirist and politician who sat in the House of Commons at various times between 1659 and 1678.


Andrew Marvell was the son of a Church of England clergyman named Andrew Marvell.


Aged 13, Andrew Marvell attended Trinity College, Cambridge and eventually received a BA degree.


Andrew Marvell became a tutor to Cromwell's ward, William Dutton, in 1653, and moved to live with his pupil at John Oxenbridge's house in Eton.


Oxenbridge previously made two trips to Bermuda, this most-likely inspired Andrew Marvell to write his poem Bermudas.


Andrew Marvell wrote several poems praising Cromwell, who was Lord Protector of England at that point.


In 1659 Andrew Marvell was elected Member of Parliament for Kingston upon Hull in the Third Protectorate Parliament.


Andrew Marvell was paid a rate of 6 shillings, 8 pence per day during sittings of parliament, a financial support derived from the contributions of his constituency.


Andrew Marvell was re-elected MP for Hull in 1660 for the Convention Parliament.


Andrew Marvell avoided punishment for his own co-operation with Cromwell and republicanism more broadly.


The closeness of the relationship between the two former colleagues is indicated by the fact that Andrew Marvell contributed an eloquent prefatory poem, entitled "On Mr Milton's Paradise Lost", to the second edition of Milton's epic Paradise Lost.


In 1661 Andrew Marvell was re-elected MP for Hull in the Cavalier Parliament.


Andrew Marvell eventually came to write several long and bitterly satirical verses against the corruption of the court.


From 1659 until his death in 1678, Andrew Marvell served as London agent for the Hull Trinity House shipmasters' guild.


Andrew Marvell went on two missions to the continent; one to the Dutch Republic, and the other encompassing Russia, Sweden, and Denmark.


Andrew Marvell spent some time living in a cottage on Highgate Hill in north London.


Andrew Marvell's stay there is recorded by a bronze plaque that bears the following inscription:.


Andrew Marvell died suddenly in 1678, while attending a popular meeting of his old constituents at Hull.


Andrew Marvell's health had been remarkably good; and some people theorised of his poisoning by his political or clerical enemies.


Andrew Marvell was buried in the church of St Giles in the Fields in central London.


Andrew Marvell's monument, erected by a very grateful constituency, bears the following inscription:.


Andrew Marvell having served twenty years successfully in Parliament, and that with such Wisdom, Dexterity, and Courage, as becomes a true Patriot, the town of Kingston-upon-Hull, from whence he was deputed to that Assembly, lamenting in his death the public loss, have erected this Monument of their Grief and their Gratitude, 1688.


Andrew Marvell wrote anonymous prose satires: criticizing the monarchy and Roman Catholicism, defending Puritan dissenters, and denouncing censorship.


Andrew Marvell had flirted briefly with Catholicism as a youth, and was described in his thirties as "a notable English Italo-Machiavellian".


Vincent Palmieri noted that Andrew Marvell is sometimes known as the "British Aristides" for his incorruptible integrity in life and poverty at death.


Andrew Marvell is said to have adhered to the established stylized forms of his contemporary neoclassical tradition.