26 Facts About Ankara


Ankara, historically known as Ancyra and Angora, is the capital of Turkey.

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On 23 April 1920, the Grand National Assembly of Turkey was established in Ankara, which became the headquarters of the Turkish National Movement during the Turkish War of Independence.

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Ankara became the new Turkish capital upon the establishment of the Republic on 29 October 1923, succeeding in this role as the former Turkish capital Istanbul following the fall of the Ottoman Empire.

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The government is a prominent employer, but Ankara is an important commercial and industrial city located at the center of Turkey's road and railway networks.

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Ankara has experienced a phenomenal growth since it was made Turkey's capital in 1923, when it was "a small town of no importance".

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Ankara continued to grow rapidly during the latter half of the 20th century and eventually outranked Izmir as Turkey's second-largest city, after Istanbul.

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Ankara has long been a productive agricultural region in Anatolia.

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Cubuk-1 and Cubuk-2 dams on the Cubuk Brook in Ankara were among the first dams constructed in the Turkish Republic.

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Ankara is the center of the state-owned and private Turkish defence and aerospace companies, where the industrial plants and headquarters of the Turkish Aerospace Industries, MKE, ASELSAN, HAVELSAN, ROKETSAN, FNSS, Nurol Makina, and numerous other firms are located.

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The IDEF in Ankara is one of the largest international expositions of the global arms industry.

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Large percentage of the complicated employment in Ankara is provided by the state institutions; such as the ministries, subministries, and other administrative bodies of the Turkish government.

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Geographically, Ankara is located in the middle of the Kizilirmak and Sakarya rivers, and the Sakarya River forms its border with Eskisehir in the west.

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Ankara Province has the highest percentage of tertiary education graduates in Turkey with 29.

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Ankara Central Station is a major rail hub in Turkey.

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Since 8 April 2019, the Mayor of Ankara is Mansur Yavas from the Republican People's Party, who won the mayoral election in 2019.

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Ankara is politically a triple battleground between the ruling conservative Justice and Development Party, the opposition Kemalist center-left Republican People's Party and the nationalist far-right Nationalist Movement Party .

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The electorate of Ankara thus tend to vote in favor of the political right, far more so than the other main cities of Istanbul and Izmir.

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The area around and inside the citadel, being the oldest part of Ankara, contains many fine examples of traditional architecture.

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Roman Baths of Ankara have all the typical features of a classical Roman bath complex: a frigidarium, a tepidarium and a caldarium .

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Ankara has a number of concert venues such as Eskiyeni, IF Performance Hall, Jolly Joker, Kite, Nefes Bar, and Route, which host the live performances and events of popular musicians.

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Ankara has a large number of minor teams, playing at regional levels.

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Halkbank Ankara is the leading domestic powerhouse in men's volleyball, having won many championships and cups in the Turkish Men's Volleyball League and even the CEV Cup in 2013.

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Skaters in Ankara usually meet in the park near the Grand National Assembly of Turkey.

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Ankara has many parks and open spaces mainly established in the early years of the Republic and well maintained and expanded thereafter.

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Ankara is noted, within Turkey, for the multitude of universities it is home to.

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Ankara is home to a world-famous domestic cat breed – the Turkish Angora, called Ankara kedisi in Turkish.

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