57 Facts About Anne Frank


Annelies Marie "Anne" Frank was a Jewish girl who kept a diary in which she documented life in hiding under Nazi persecution.

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Anne Frank's is a celebrated diarist who described everyday life from her family hiding place in an Amsterdam attic.

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Anne Frank lost her German citizenship in 1941 and became stateless.

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Until the family's arrest by the Gestapo on 4 August 1944, Anne Frank kept a diary she had received as a birthday present, and wrote in it regularly.

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Otto, the only survivor of the Frank family, returned to Amsterdam after the war to find that Anne's diary had been saved by his secretary, Miep Gies.

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Anne Frank decided to fulfill Anne's greatest wish to become a writer and publish her diary in 1947.

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Anne Frank began working at the Opekta Works, a company that sold the fruit extract pectin.

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Anne Frank soon felt at home at the Montessori school and met children of her own age, like Hanneli Goslar, who would later become one of her best friends.

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In 1938, Otto Anne Frank started a second company, Pectacon, which was a wholesaler of herbs, pickling salts, and mixed spices, used in the production of sausages.

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Anne Frank decided she would use it as a diary, and had named it Kitty.

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Otto and Edith Frank planned to go into hiding with the children on 16 July 1942, but when Margot received a call-up notice from the on 5 July, ordering her to report for relocation to a work camp, they were forced to move the plan ten days forward.

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Shortly before going into hiding, Anne Frank gave her friend and neighbor Toosje Kupers a book, a tea set, and a tin of marbles.

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Anne Frank wrote of their dedication and of their efforts to boost morale within the household during the most dangerous of times.

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Anne Frank wrote of her pleasure at having new people to talk to, but tensions quickly developed within the group forced to live in such confined conditions.

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Anne Frank's regarded Hermann van Pels and Fritz Pfeffer as selfish, particularly in regard to the amount of food they consumed.

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Anne Frank's received her first kiss from him, but her infatuation with him began to wane as she questioned whether her feelings for him were genuine, or resulted from their shared confinement.

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Anne Frank formed a close bond with each of the helpers, and Otto Frank later recalled that she had anticipated their daily visits with impatient enthusiasm.

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Anne Frank frequently wrote of her difficult relationship with her mother, and of her ambivalence towards her.

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Anne Frank aspired to become a journalist, writing in her diary on Wednesday, 5 April 1944:.

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Anne Frank's continued writing regularly until her last entry of 1 August 1944.

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Anne Frank's had run away to Austria with a Nazi officer, and returned to Amsterdam in 1943 after the relationship ended.

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In 2016, the Anne Frank House published new research pointing to an investigation over ration card fraud, rather than betrayal, as a possible explanation for the raid that led to the arrest of the Franks.

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Anne Frank, who had turned 15 three months earlier, was one of the youngest people spared from her transport.

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Anne Frank's was made aware that most people were gassed upon arrival and never learned that the entire group from the Achterhuis had survived this selection.

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Anne Frank's reasoned that her father, in his mid-fifties and not particularly robust, had been killed immediately after they were separated.

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Some witnesses later testified Anne Frank became withdrawn and tearful when she saw children being led to the gas chambers; others reported that more often she displayed strength and courage.

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The Anne Frank sisters were moved into an infirmary, which was in a state of constant darkness and infested with rats and mice.

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Edith Anne Frank stopped eating, saving every morsel of food for her daughters and passing her rations to them through a hole she made at the bottom of the infirmary wall.

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In October 1944, the Anne Frank women were scheduled to join a transport to the Liebau labour camp in Lower Silesia.

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Bloeme Evers-Emden was scheduled to be on this transport, but Anne Frank was prohibited from going because she had developed scabies, and her mother and sister opted to stay with her.

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Edith Anne Frank was left behind and died of disease and starvation.

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Anne Frank was briefly reunited with two friends, Hanneli Goslar and Nanette Blitz, who were confined in the camp.

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Anne Frank's recalled she did not see Margot, as she was too weak to leave her bunk, while Blitz stated she met with both of the Frank sisters.

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Anne Frank told Blitz and Goslar she believed her parents were dead, and for that reason she did not wish to live any longer.

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Anne Frank learned of the death of his wife, Edith, during his journey to Amsterdam, but remained hopeful that his daughters had survived.

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Anne Frank attempted to determine the fates of his daughters' friends and learned many had been murdered.

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Sanne Ledermann, often mentioned in Anne Frank's diary, had been gassed along with her parents; her sister, Barbara Ledermann, a close friend of Margot's, had survived.

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Otto Frank later commented that he had not realized Anne had kept such an accurate and well-written record of their time in hiding.

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Anne Frank saw for the first time the more private side of his daughter and those sections of the diary she had not discussed with anyone, noting, "For me it was a revelation… I had no idea of the depth of her thoughts and feelings… She had kept all these feelings to herself".

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Anne Frank's diary began as a private expression of her thoughts; she wrote several times that she would never allow anyone to read it.

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Anne Frank's candidly described her life, her family and companions, and their situation, while beginning to recognize her ambition to write fiction for publication.

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Anne Frank mentioned the publication of letters and diaries, and Frank decided to submit her work when the time came.

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Anne Frank's began editing her writing, removing some sections and rewriting others, with a view to publication.

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Anne Frank's created pseudonyms for the members of the household and the helpers.

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Otto Anne Frank used her original diary, known as "version A", and her edited version, known as "version B", to produce the first version for publication.

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Otto Anne Frank gave the diary to the historian Annie Romein-Verschoor, who tried unsuccessfully to have it published.

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Anne Frank's then gave it to her husband Jan Romein, who wrote an article about it, titled, which was published in the newspaper on 3 April 1946.

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In Japan, Anne Frank quickly was identified as an important cultural figure who represented the destruction of youth during the war.

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Anne Frank's was an extraordinarily good writer, for any age, and the quality of her work seemed a direct result of a ruthlessly honest disposition.

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In 1959, Otto Anne Frank took legal action in Lubeck against Lothar Stielau, a school teacher and former Hitler Youth member who published a school paper that described the diary as "a forgery".

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Anne Frank died in 1978, and after a year his appeal was rejected.

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The Anne Frank Fonds represents the Frank family and administers the rights, inter alia, to the writings of Anne and Otto Frank and to the letters of the Frank family.

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Merwedeplein apartment, where the Anne Frank family lived from 1933 until 1942, remained privately owned until the 2000s.

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Anne Frank is included as one of the topics in the Canon of the Netherlands, which was prepared by a committee headed by Frits van Oostrom and presented to the Minister of Education, Culture and Science, Maria van der Hoeven, in 2006.

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The only known footage of the real Anne Frank comes from a 1941 silent film recorded for her newlywed next-door neighbor.

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Anne Frank's is seen leaning out of a second-floor window in an attempt to better view the bride and groom.

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On 25 June 2022, a slideshow Google Doodle was dedicated in the honour of Anne Frank marking the 75th anniversary of the publication of her diary.

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