10 Facts About Anopheles


Anopheles gambiae is one of the best known, because of its predominant role in the transmission of the most dangerous malaria parasite species – Plasmodium falciparum.

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Anopheles darlingi diverged from the African and Asian malaria vectors ~.

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Genus Anopheles Meigen belongs to the subfamily Anophelinae together with another two genera: Bironella Theobald and Chagasia Cruz .

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Two main groupings within the genus Anopheles are used: one formed by the Celia and Anopheles subgenera and a second by Kerteszia, Lophopodomyia and Nyssorhynchus.

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Anopheles group was divided by Edwards into four series: Anopheles, Myzorhynchus, Cycloleppteron and Lophoscelomyia ; and two groups, Arribalzagia and Christya .

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In contrast to other mosquitoes, the Anopheles larva lacks a respiratory siphon, so it positions itself so that its body is parallel to the surface of the water.

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One important behavioral factor is the degree to which an Anopheles species prefers to feed on humans or animals such as cattle or birds .

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Anthropophilic Anopheles are more likely to transmit the malaria parasites from one person to another.

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For instance, in North America and Europe, although the vector Anopheles mosquitoes are still present, the parasite has been eliminated.

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Anopheles has a distinctive resting posture with its abdomen angled up.

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