48 Facts About Aristotle

1. Aristotle was a Greek philosopher and polymath during the Classical period in Ancient Greece.

FactSnippet No. 157,657 - en.wikipedia.org

2. Aristotle provided a complex synthesis of the various philosophies existing prior to him.

FactSnippet No. 157,658 - en.wikipedia.org

3. Aristotle was born in the city of Stagira in Northern Greece.

FactSnippet No. 157,659 - en.wikipedia.org

4. Aristotle established a library in the Lyceum which helped him to produce many of his hundreds of books on papyrus scrolls.

FactSnippet No. 157,660 - en.wikipedia.org

5. At the age of seventeen or eighteen, Aristotle moved to Athens to continue his education at Plato's Academy.

FactSnippet No. 157,661 - en.wikipedia.org

6. In 343 BC, Aristotle was invited by Philip II of Macedon to become the tutor to his son Alexander.

FactSnippet No. 157,662 - en.wikipedia.org

7. Aristotle was appointed as the head of the royal academy of Macedon.

FactSnippet No. 157,663 - en.wikipedia.org

8. Aristotle encouraged Alexander toward eastern conquest, and Aristotle's own attitude towards Persia was unabashedly ethnocentric.

FactSnippet No. 157,664 - en.wikipedia.org

9. Aristotle conducted courses at the school for the next twelve years.

FactSnippet No. 157,665 - en.wikipedia.org

10. Aristotle wrote many dialogues, of which only fragments have survived.

FactSnippet No. 157,666 - en.wikipedia.org

11. Aristotle studied and made significant contributions to "logic, metaphysics, mathematics, physics, biology, botany, ethics, politics, agriculture, medicine, dance, and theatre.

FactSnippet No. 157,667 - en.wikipedia.org

12. Aristotle disagreed with Plato on this point, arguing that all universals are instantiated at some period of time, and that there are no universals that are unattached to existing things.

FactSnippet No. 157,668 - en.wikipedia.org

13. Where Plato spoke of the forms as existing separately from the things that participate in them, Aristotle maintained that universals exist within each thing on which each universal is predicated.

FactSnippet No. 157,669 - en.wikipedia.org

14. Aristotle makes philosophy in the broad sense coextensive with reasoning, which he would describe as "science".

FactSnippet No. 157,670 - en.wikipedia.org

15. Aristotle implies that in a vacuum the speed of fall would become infinite, and concludes from this apparent absurdity that a vacuum is not possible.

FactSnippet No. 157,671 - en.wikipedia.org

16. Opinions have varied on whether Aristotle intended to state quantitative laws.

FactSnippet No. 157,672 - en.wikipedia.org

17. Aristotle describes experiments in optics using a camera obscura in Problems, book 15.

FactSnippet No. 157,673 - en.wikipedia.org

18. Aristotle was one of the first people to record any geological observations.

FactSnippet No. 157,674 - en.wikipedia.org

19. Aristotle was the first person to study biology systematically, and biology forms a large part of his writings.

FactSnippet No. 157,675 - en.wikipedia.org

20. Aristotle spent two years observing and describing the zoology of Lesbos and the surrounding seas, including in particular the Pyrrha lagoon in the centre of Lesbos.

FactSnippet No. 157,676 - en.wikipedia.org

21. Aristotle gives accurate descriptions of the four-chambered fore-stomachs of ruminants, and of the ovoviviparous embryological development of the hound shark.

FactSnippet No. 157,677 - en.wikipedia.org

22. Aristotle used the ancient Greek term pepeiramenoi to mean observations, or at most investigative procedures like dissection.

FactSnippet No. 157,678 - en.wikipedia.org

23. Philosophers of science have generally concluded that Aristotle was not interested in taxonomy, but zoologists who studied this question recently think otherwise.

FactSnippet No. 157,679 - en.wikipedia.org

24. Aristotle believed that purposive final causes guided all natural processes; this teleological view justified his observed data as an expression of formal design.

FactSnippet No. 157,680 - en.wikipedia.org

25. Aristotle believed an impression is left on a semi-fluid bodily organ that undergoes several changes in order to make a memory.

FactSnippet No. 157,681 - en.wikipedia.org

26. Aristotle believes people receive all kinds of sense perceptions and perceive them as impressions, people are continually weaving together new impressions of experiences.

FactSnippet No. 157,682 - en.wikipedia.org

27. Aristotle explains that when a person stares at a moving stimulus such as the waves in a body of water, and then looks away, the next thing they look at appears to have a wavelike motion.

FactSnippet No. 157,683 - en.wikipedia.org

28. Aristotle compares a sleeping person to a person who is overtaken by strong feelings toward a stimulus.

FactSnippet No. 157,684 - en.wikipedia.org

29. Aristotle reasoned naturalistically that instances in which dreams do resemble future events are simply coincidences.

FactSnippet No. 157,685 - en.wikipedia.org

30. Aristotle wrote several treatises on ethics, including most notably, the Nicomachean Ethics.

FactSnippet No. 157,686 - en.wikipedia.org

31. Aristotle taught that virtue has to do with the proper function of a thing.

FactSnippet No. 157,687 - en.wikipedia.org

32. Aristotle reasoned that humans must have a function specific to humans, and that this function must be an activity of the psuche in accordance with reason (logos).

FactSnippet No. 157,688 - en.wikipedia.org

33. Aristotle identified such an optimum activity of the soul as the aim of all human deliberate action, eudaimonia, generally translated as "happiness" or sometimes "well-being".

FactSnippet No. 157,689 - en.wikipedia.org

34. Aristotle conceived of politics as being like an organism rather than like a machine, and as a collection of parts none of which can exist without the others.

FactSnippet No. 157,690 - en.wikipedia.org

35. Aristotle made substantial contributions to economic thought, especially to thought in the Middle Ages.

FactSnippet No. 157,691 - en.wikipedia.org

36. Similarly, Aristotle considered making a profit through interest unnatural, as it makes a gain out of the money itself, and not from its use.

FactSnippet No. 157,692 - en.wikipedia.org

37. Aristotle gave a summary of the function of money that was perhaps remarkably precocious for his time.

FactSnippet No. 157,693 - en.wikipedia.org

38. Aristotle wrote that because it is impossible to determine the value of every good through a count of the number of other goods it is worth, the necessity arises of a single universal standard of measurement.

FactSnippet No. 157,694 - en.wikipedia.org

39. Aristotle goes on to state that money is useful for future exchange, making it a sort of security.

FactSnippet No. 157,695 - en.wikipedia.org

40. Aristotle applies the term mimesis both as a property of a work of art and as the product of the artist's intention and contends that the audience's realisation of the mimesis is vital to understanding the work itself.

FactSnippet No. 157,696 - en.wikipedia.org

41. Aristotle concludes Poetics with a discussion on which, if either, is superior: epic or tragic mimesis.

FactSnippet No. 157,697 - en.wikipedia.org

42. Aristotle was a keen systematic collector of riddles, folklore, and proverbs; he and his school had a special interest in the riddles of the Delphic Oracle and studied the fables of Aesop.

FactSnippet No. 157,698 - en.wikipedia.org

43. Aristotle contributed to almost every field of human knowledge then in existence, and he was the founder of many new fields.

FactSnippet No. 157,699 - en.wikipedia.org

44. Theophrastus was much less concerned with formal causes than Aristotle was, instead pragmatically describing how plants functioned.

FactSnippet No. 157,700 - en.wikipedia.org

45. Cautionary medieval tale held that Aristotle advised his pupil Alexander to avoid the king's seductive mistress, Phyllis, but was himself captivated by her, and allowed her to ride him.

FactSnippet No. 157,701 - en.wikipedia.org

46. These texts, as opposed to Aristotle's lost works, are technical philosophical treatises from within Aristotle's school.

FactSnippet No. 157,702 - en.wikipedia.org

47. Aristotle wrote his works on papyrus scrolls, the common writing medium of that era.

FactSnippet No. 157,703 - en.wikipedia.org

48. Aristotle's "lost" works stray considerably in characterization from the surviving Aristotelian corpus.

FactSnippet No. 157,704 - en.wikipedia.org