14 Facts About Babylonian astronomy


Babylonian astronomy was the study or recording of celestial objects during the early history of Mesopotamia.

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Babylonian astronomy seemed to have focused on a select group of stars and constellations known as Ziqpu stars.

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Only fragments of Babylonian astronomy have survived, consisting largely of contemporary clay tablets containing astronomical diaries, ephemerides and procedure texts, hence current knowledge of Babylonian planetary theory is in a fragmentary state.

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The Babylonian astronomy astrologers laid the foundations of what would eventually become Western astrology.

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In contrast, Babylonian astronomy cosmology suggested that the cosmos revolved around circularly with the heavens and the earth being equal and joined as a whole.

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Mesopotamia Enlil Moon Kos

The relationship Mesopotamians had with omens can be seen in the Omen Compendia, a Babylonian astronomy text composed starting from the beginning of the second millennium on-wards.

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The increased use of science in Babylonian astronomy is evidenced by the traditions from these three regions being arranged in accordance to the paths of the stars of Ea, Anu, and Enlil, an astronomical system contained and discussed in the Mul.

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Babylonian astronomy priests were the ones responsible for developing new forms of mathematics and did so to better calculate the movements of celestial bodies.

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Babylonian astronomy was a priest for the moon god and is credited with writing lunar and eclipse computation tables as well as other elaborate mathematical calculations.

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Babylonian astronomy's work was later recounted by astronomers during the Seleucid dynasty.

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Neo-Babylonian astronomy refers to the astronomy developed by Chaldean astronomers during the Neo-Babylonian, Achaemenid, Seleucid, and Parthian periods of Mesopotamian history.

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Babylonian astronomy noted that the tides varied in time and strength in different parts of the world.

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Later Greek knowledge of this specific Babylonian astronomy theory is confirmed by 2nd-century papyrus, which contains 32 lines of a single column of calculations for the Moon using this same "System B", but written in Greek on papyrus rather than in cuneiform on clay tablets.

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Also it is known that the Babylonian astronomy priest known as Berossus wrote around 281 BC a book in Greek on the history of Babylonia, the Babyloniaca, for the new ruler Antiochus I; it is said that later he founded a school of astrology on the Greek island of Kos.

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