21 Facts About Bagha Jatin


Bagha Jatin was the principal leader of the Jugantar party that was the central association of revolutionary independence activists in Bengal.

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Bagha Jatin met here, among others, Sachin Banerjee, son of Yogendra Vidyabhushan, who turned into Bagha Jatin's mentor.

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Bagha Jatin was impressed by this historian: through his editorials and from the Congress platform, he showed how urgent it was to have an Indian National Army and to react against the British squandering of Indian budget to safeguard their interests in China and elsewhere.

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In 1900, Bagha Jatin married Indubala Banerjee of Kumarkhali upazila in Kushtia; they had four children: Atindra, Ashalata, Tejendra, and Birendra.

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Several sources mention Bagha Jatin as being among the founders of the Anushilan Samiti in 1900, and as a pioneer in creating its branches in the districts.

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In 1903, on meeting Sri Aurobindo at Yogendra Vidyabhushan's place, Bagha Jatin decides to collaborate with him and is said to have added to his programme the clause of winning over the Indian soldiers of the British regiments in favour of an insurrection.

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In 1905, during a procession to celebrate the visit of the Prince of Wales at Calcutta, Bagha Jatin decides to draw the attention of the future Emperor on the behaviour of HM's English officers.

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Whereas Bagha Jatin disapproved of all untimely terrorist action, Barin led an organisation centred around his own personality: his aim was, aside from the general production of terror, the elimination of certain Indian and British officers serving the Crown.

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Side by side, Bagha Jatin developed a decentralised federated body of loose autonomous regional cells.

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Duly appreciated for his professional competence, in 1907 Bagha Jatin was "sent to Darjeeling on some special work, " for a period of three years.

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Hence, during the Alipore trial, Jatin took over the leadership of the secret society to be known as the Jugantar Party, and revitalises the links between the central organisation in Calcutta and its several branches spread all over Bengal, Bihar, Odisha and several places in U P Through Justice Sarada Charan Mitra, Jatin leases from Sir Daniel Hamilton lands in the Sundarbans to shelter revolutionaries not yet arrested.

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Since 1906, with the help of Sir Daniel, Bagha Jatin had been sending meritorious students abroad for higher studies as well as for learning military craft.

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Bagha Jatin was informed by his emissaries abroad that very soon Germany was to declare war against England.

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Bagha Jatin counted heavily on this war to organise an armed uprising along with Indian soldiers in various regiments.

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Bagha Jatin Mukherjee was not involved in the Alipore Bomb case.

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Bagha Jatin went on to Brindavan where he met Swami Niralamba ; he had continued preaching in North India Sri Aurobindo's doctrine of a revolution.

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Bagha Jatin could think of God ten days at a stretch, but he was doomed when the Government found out that he was our head.

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Bagha Jatin was informed of British action by Niren and was requested to leave his hiding place, but his insistence on taking Nirendranath Dasgupta and Jatish with him delayed their departure by a few hours, by which time a large force of police, headed by top European officers from Calcutta and Balasore, reinforced by the army unit from Chandbali in Bhadrak State, had reached the neighborhood.

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Chittapriya and his companions asked Bagha Jatin to leave and go to safety while they guarded the rear.

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In 1925, Gandhi told Charles Tegart that Jatin, generally referred to as "Bagha Jatin", was "a divine personality".

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Tegart himself is purported to have told his colleagues that if Bagha Jatin were an Englishman, then the English people would have built his statue next to Nelson's at Trafalgar Square.

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