17 Facts About Carlos Montezuma


Carlos Montezuma was named "Wassaja" by his parents.


Carlos Montezuma's father was a chief named Co-cu-ye-vah and his mother was named Thil-ge-ya.


Gentile and Carlos Montezuma resided in Chicago and then New York for some years until the loss of all his belongings in a fire in 1877 forced Gentile back to his itinerant life and to Chicago.


Carlos Montezuma graduated with honors from Urbana High School in 1879.


Carlos Montezuma began his public activity in support of Native Americans' rights.


Carlos Montezuma there received his doctorate of medicine from the Chicago Medical College, a branch of Northwestern University, in 1889 and obtained his license to practice that same year.


Carlos Montezuma was not only the first Native American student at both the University of Illinois and Northwestern University, but the second Native American ever to earn a Medical Degree in an American University after Susan La Flesche Picotte.


In 1889 Carlos Montezuma traveled to reservations and provided services to Native Americans at Fort Stevenson in Dakota Territory.


In January 1893, Carlos Montezuma went to Colville Agency in the State of Washington, and finally, in July 1893 to the Carlisle Indian Industrial School in Pennsylvania.


Carlos Montezuma had last visited Gentile in the summer of 1893 while traveling from the State of Washington to his new job at Carlisle.


Carlos Montezuma gave financial aid to Gentile's widow and in an ironic twist of fate, he became for some time the custodian of Gentile's six-year-old son until Gentile's widow and the child moved to California by 1896.


At the beginning of 1896 Dr Carlos Montezuma left Pratt to return to Chicago and start private medical practice.


In 1904, Dr Carlos Montezuma founded the Indian Fellowship League, the first urban Indian organization in the US, in Chicago.


Carlos Montezuma began publicly attacking the government for the conditions imposed upon Natives.


Carlos Montezuma became an outspoken opponent of the Bureau of Indian Affairs.


Dr Carlos Montezuma became very ill with tuberculosis in 1922 and decided to permanently return to the land of his people.


Carlos Montezuma died on January 31,1923, and is buried at the Fort McDowell Indian cemetery.