**1.**

Ceramic capacitor is a fixed-value capacitor where the ceramic material acts as the dielectric.

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Ceramic capacitor is a fixed-value capacitor where the ceramic material acts as the dielectric.

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Early style of the ceramic disc capacitor could be more cheaply produced than the common ceramic tube capacitors in the 1950s and 1970s.

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Electrodes of the capacitor are deposited on the ceramic layer by metallization.

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Capacitance formula of a MLCC Ceramic capacitor is based on the formula for a plate Ceramic capacitor enhanced with the number of layers: where e stands for dielectric permittivity; A for electrode surface area; n for the number of layers; and d for the distance between the electrodes.

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The inductive parts of a Ceramic capacitor are summarized in the equivalent series inductance, or ESL.

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Standard multi-layer ceramic capacitor has many opposing electrode layers stacked inside connected with two outer terminations.

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The X2Y ceramic chip capacitor however is a 4 terminal chip device.

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However, this particular type of ceramic capacitor is patented, so these components are still comparatively expensive.

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The units used to specify Ceramic capacitor values includes everything from picofarad, nanofarad, microfarad and farad .

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The different dielectrics of the many Ceramic capacitor types show great differences in temperature dependence.

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Frequency dependent AC resistance of a Ceramic capacitor is called impedance and is a complex ratio of voltage to current in an AC circuit.

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At frequencies above the resonance, the impedance increases again due to ESL: the Ceramic capacitor becomes an inductor with inductance equal to Ceramic capacitor's ESL, and resistance equal to ESR at the given frequency.

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Dielectric absorption is the name given to the effect by which a Ceramic capacitor, which has been charged for a long time, discharges only incompletely.

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