13 Facts About Dharma


Dharma is a concept of central importance in Indian philosophy and religion.

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Dharma encompasses ideas such as duty, rights, character, vocation, religion, customs and all behaviour considered appropriate, correct or morally upright.

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Dharma and related words are found in the oldest Vedic literature of Hinduism, in later Vedas, Upanishads, Puranas, and the Epics; the word dharma plays a central role in the literature of other Indian religions founded later, such as Buddhism and Jainism.

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Ideas in parts overlapping to Dharma are found in other ancient cultures: such as Chinese Tao, Egyptian Maat, Sumerian Me.

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Dharma is an organising principle in Hinduism that applies to human beings in solitude, in their interaction with human beings and nature, as well as between inanimate objects, to all of cosmos and its parts.

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Dharma, according to Van Buitenen, is that which all existing beings must accept and respect to sustain harmony and order in the world.

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Dharma is part of yoga, suggests Patanjali; the elements of Hindu dharma are the attributes, qualities and aspects of yoga.

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Dharma is an empirical and experiential inquiry for every man and woman, according to some texts of Hinduism.

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Dharma enables the individual to satisfy the striving for stability and order, a life that is lawful and harmonious, the striving to do the right thing, be good, be virtuous, earn religious merit, be helpful to others, interact successfully with society.

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Dharma being necessary for individual and society, is dependent on poverty and prosperity in a society, according to Hindu dharma scriptures.

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Dharma refers not only to the sayings of the Buddha, but to the later traditions of interpretation and addition that the various schools of Buddhism have developed to help explain and to expand upon the Buddha's teachings.

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Dharma is one of the Three Jewels of Buddhism in which practitioners of Buddhism seek refuge, or that upon which one relies for his or her lasting happiness.

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Dharma is employed in Chan Buddhism in a specific context in relation to transmission of authentic doctrine, understanding and bodhi; recognised in dharma transmission.

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