16 Facts About Earnest Hooton


Earnest Albert Hooton was an American physical anthropologist known for his work on racial classification and his popular writings such as the book Up From The Ape.


Earnest Albert Hooton was born in Clemansville, Wisconsin, the third child and only son of an English-born Methodist minister married to a Canadian-born woman of Scotch-Irish ancestry.


Earnest Hooton was educated at Lawrence University in Appleton, Wisconsin.


Earnest Hooton applied for and was awarded a Rhodes scholarship, electing to study at Oxford.


Earnest Hooton helped revise recruitment standards because too large a number of American immigrants were too short to qualify for service at the time.


Earnest Hooton was one of the founding members of the American Association of Physical Anthropologists, serving as president from 1936 to 1938 and associate editor of the American Journal of Physical Anthropology from 1928 to 1942, working closely with Ales Hrdlicka.


Earnest Hooton was a public figure well known for popular volumes with titles like Up From the Ape, Apes, Men, and Morons, and Young Man, You are Normal.

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Earnest Hooton was a gifted cartoonist and wit, and, like his contemporaries Ogden Nash and James Thurber, he published occasional poems and drawings that were eventually collected and published.


Earnest Hooton was survived by his wife Mary Camp Hooton, whom he married in 1913, by two sons, one daughter, and two grandchildren.


Earnest Hooton was one of the first to attempt to develop mathematically rigorous criteria for race typology.


In that context, she writes, Earnest Hooton maintained an "oversimplistic mode of thinking about human types and variability" while at the same time he moved to eliminate unfounded racial biases and pseudoscience.


In 1943, Earnest Hooton had an article entitled "Breed War Strain Out of Germans" published in the New York newspaper PM.


In 1932, Earnest Hooton wrote an article titled "Is the Negro Inferior".


Earnest Hooton brought up the discussion of racial differences and claimed that it existed in the United States.


Earnest Hooton believed we should be aware of the bias existing in those tests.


Reuter, a sociologist and contemporary of Earnest Hooton, criticized Earnest Hooton for using circular logic when he ascribed the physical traits of criminals to cause criminality.