89 Facts About Edgar Allan Poe


Edgar Allan Poe was an American writer, poet, editor, and literary critic.

FactSnippet No. 1,758,330

Edgar Allan Poe is widely regarded as a central figure of Romanticism in the United States, and of American literature.

FactSnippet No. 1,758,331

Edgar Allan Poe was one of the country's earliest practitioners of the short story, and considered to be the inventor of the detective fiction genre, as well as a significant contributor to the emerging genre of science fiction.

FactSnippet No. 1,758,332

Edgar Allan Poe is the first well-known American writer to earn a living through writing alone, resulting in a financially difficult life and career.

FactSnippet No. 1,758,333

Edgar Allan Poe was born in Boston, the second child of actors David and Elizabeth "Eliza" Edgar Allan Poe.

FactSnippet No. 1,758,334

Edgar Allan Poe's father abandoned the family in 1810, and when his mother died the following year, Poe was taken in by John and Frances Allan of Richmond, Virginia.

FactSnippet No. 1,758,335

Edgar Allan Poe attended the University of Virginia but left after a year due to lack of money.

FactSnippet No. 1,758,336

Edgar Allan Poe quarreled with John Allan over the funds for his education, and his gambling debts.

FactSnippet No. 1,758,337

Poe and Allan reached a temporary rapprochement after the death of Allan's wife in 1829.

FactSnippet No. 1,758,338

Edgar Allan Poe switched his focus to prose and spent the next several years working for literary journals and periodicals, becoming known for his own style of literary criticism.

FactSnippet No. 1,758,339

Edgar Allan Poe's work forced him to move among several cities, including Baltimore, Philadelphia, and New York City.

FactSnippet No. 1,758,340

Edgar Allan Poe planned for years to produce his own journal The Penn, but before it could be produced, he died in Baltimore on October 7,1849, at age 40, under mysterious circumstances.

FactSnippet No. 1,758,341

Edgar Allan Poe had an elder brother named William Henry Leonard Poe and a younger sister named Rosalie Poe.

FactSnippet No. 1,758,342

Edgar Allan Poe may have been named after a character in William Shakespeare's King Lear, which the couple were performing in 1809.

FactSnippet No. 1,758,343

Edgar Allan Poe's father abandoned the family in 1810, and his mother died a year later from consumption.

FactSnippet No. 1,758,344

John Edgar Allan Poe alternately spoiled and aggressively disciplined his foster son.

FactSnippet No. 1,758,345

The family sailed to the United Kingdom in 1815, and Poe attended the grammar school for a short period in Irvine, North Ayrshire, Scotland before rejoining the family in London in 1816.

FactSnippet No. 1,758,346

Edgar Allan Poe was entered at the Reverend John Bransby's Manor House School at Stoke Newington, then a suburb 4 miles north of London.

FactSnippet No. 1,758,347

Edgar Allan Poe may have become engaged to Sarah Elmira Royster before he registered at the University of Virginia in February 1826 to study ancient and modern languages.

FactSnippet No. 1,758,348

Edgar Allan Poe claimed that Allan had not given him sufficient money to register for classes, purchase texts, and procure and furnish a dormitory.

FactSnippet No. 1,758,349

Edgar Allan Poe gave up on the university after a year but did not feel welcome returning to Richmond, especially when he learned that his sweetheart Royster had married another man, Alexander Shelton.

FactSnippet No. 1,758,350

Edgar Allan Poe traveled to Boston in April 1827, sustaining himself with odd jobs as a clerk and newspaper writer, and he started using the pseudonym Henri Le Rennet during this period.

FactSnippet No. 1,758,351

Edgar Allan Poe first served at Fort Independence in Boston Harbor for five dollars a month.

FactSnippet No. 1,758,352

Edgar Allan Poe's regiment was posted to Fort Moultrie in Charleston, South Carolina, and traveled by ship on the brig Waltham on November 8,1827.

FactSnippet No. 1,758,353

Edgar Allan Poe was promoted to "artificer", an enlisted tradesman who prepared shells for artillery, and had his monthly pay doubled.

FactSnippet No. 1,758,354

Edgar Allan Poe served for two years and attained the rank of Sergeant Major for Artillery ; he then sought to end his five-year enlistment early.

FactSnippet No. 1,758,355

Frances Allan died on February 28,1829, and Poe visited the day after her burial.

FactSnippet No. 1,758,356

Edgar Allan Poe was finally discharged on April 15,1829, after securing a replacement to finish his enlisted term for him.

FactSnippet No. 1,758,357

Edgar Allan Poe traveled to West Point and matriculated as a cadet on July 1,1830.

FactSnippet No. 1,758,358

Edgar Allan Poe decided to leave West Point by purposely getting court-martialed.

FactSnippet No. 1,758,359

Edgar Allan Poe tactically pleaded not guilty to induce dismissal, knowing that he would be found guilty.

FactSnippet No. 1,758,360

Edgar Allan Poe returned to Baltimore to his aunt, brother, and cousin in March 1831.

FactSnippet No. 1,758,361

Edgar Allan Poe was one of the first Americans to live by writing alone and was hampered by the lack of an international copyright law.

FactSnippet No. 1,758,362

Publishers often refused to pay their writers or paid them much later than they promised, and Edgar Allan Poe repeatedly resorted to humiliating pleas for money and other assistance.

FactSnippet No. 1,758,363

Edgar Allan Poe placed a few stories with a Philadelphia publication and began work on his only drama Politian.

FactSnippet No. 1,758,364

Edgar Allan Poe became assistant editor of the periodical in August 1835, but White discharged him within a few weeks for being drunk on the job.

FactSnippet No. 1,758,365

Edgar Allan Poe returned to Baltimore where he obtained a license to marry his cousin Virginia on September 22,1835, though it is unknown if they were married at that time.

FactSnippet No. 1,758,366

Edgar Allan Poe was reinstated by White after promising good behavior, and he went back to Richmond with Virginia and her mother.

FactSnippet No. 1,758,367

Edgar Allan Poe published several poems, book reviews, critiques, and stories in the paper.

FactSnippet No. 1,758,368

Edgar Allan Poe published numerous articles, stories, and reviews, enhancing his reputation as a trenchant critic which he had established at the Messenger.

FactSnippet No. 1,758,369

In June 1840, Edgar Allan Poe published a prospectus announcing his intentions to start his own journal called The Stylus, although he originally intended to call it The Penn, as it would have been based in Philadelphia.

FactSnippet No. 1,758,370

Edgar Allan Poe left Burton's after about a year and found a position as writer and co-editor at the then-very-successful monthly Graham's Magazine.

FactSnippet No. 1,758,371

Around this time, Edgar Allan Poe attempted to secure a position within the administration of President John Tyler, claiming that he was a member of the Whig Party.

FactSnippet No. 1,758,372

Edgar Allan Poe hoped to be appointed to the United States Custom House in Philadelphia with help from President Tyler's son Robert, an acquaintance of Poe's friend Frederick Thomas.

FactSnippet No. 1,758,373

Edgar Allan Poe failed to show up for a meeting with Thomas to discuss the appointment in mid-September 1842, claiming to have been sick, though Thomas believed that he had been drunk.

FactSnippet No. 1,758,374

Edgar Allan Poe was promised an appointment, but all positions were filled by others.

FactSnippet No. 1,758,375

One evening in January 1842, Virginia showed the first signs of consumption, or tuberculosis, while singing and playing the piano, which Edgar Allan Poe described as breaking a blood vessel in her throat.

FactSnippet No. 1,758,376

Edgar Allan Poe left Graham's and attempted to find a new position, for a time angling for a government post.

FactSnippet No. 1,758,377

Edgar Allan Poe returned to New York where he worked briefly at the Evening Mirror before becoming editor of the Broadway Journal, and later its owner.

FactSnippet No. 1,758,378

Broadway Journal failed in 1846, and Edgar Allan Poe moved to a cottage in Fordham, New York, in the Bronx.

FactSnippet No. 1,758,379

That home is known as the Edgar Allan Poe Cottage, relocated to a park near the southeast corner of the Grand Concourse and Kingsbridge Road.

FactSnippet No. 1,758,380

Nearby, Edgar Allan Poe befriended the Jesuits at St John's College, now Fordham University.

FactSnippet No. 1,758,381

Edgar Allan Poe attempted to court poet Sarah Helen Whitman who lived in Providence, Rhode Island.

FactSnippet No. 1,758,382

Edgar Allan Poe then returned to Richmond and resumed a relationship with his childhood sweetheart Sarah Elmira Royster.

FactSnippet No. 1,758,383

Edgar Allan Poe was taken to the Washington Medical College, where he died on Sunday, October 7,1849, at 5:00 in the morning.

FactSnippet No. 1,758,384

Edgar Allan Poe was not coherent long enough to explain how he came to be in his dire condition and why he was wearing clothes that were not his own.

FactSnippet No. 1,758,385

Edgar Allan Poe is said to have repeatedly called out the name "Reynolds" on the night before his death, though it is unclear to whom he was referring.

FactSnippet No. 1,758,386

Edgar Allan Poe's attending physician said that Poe's final words were, "Lord help my poor soul".

FactSnippet No. 1,758,387

One theory dating from 1872 suggests that Edgar Allan Poe's death resulted from cooping, a form of electoral fraud in which citizens were forced to vote for a particular candidate, sometimes leading to violence and even murder.

FactSnippet No. 1,758,388

Griswold wrote a biographical article of Edgar Allan Poe called "Memoir of the Author", which he included in an 1850 volume of the collected works.

FactSnippet No. 1,758,389

Many of his claims were either lies or distortions; for example, it is seriously disputed that Edgar Allan Poe was a drug addict.

FactSnippet No. 1,758,390

Griswold's book was denounced by those who knew Edgar Allan Poe well, including John Neal, who published an article defending Edgar Allan Poe and attacking Griswold as a "Rhadamanthus, who is not to be bilked of his fee, a thimble-full of newspaper notoriety".

FactSnippet No. 1,758,391

Edgar Allan Poe's best known fiction works are Gothic horror, adhering to the genre's conventions to appeal to the public taste.

FactSnippet No. 1,758,392

Edgar Allan Poe's most recurring themes deal with questions of death, including its physical signs, the effects of decomposition, concerns of premature burial, the reanimation of the dead, and mourning.

FactSnippet No. 1,758,393

Edgar Allan Poe once wrote in a letter to Thomas Holley Chivers that he did not dislike transcendentalists, "only the pretenders and sophists among them".

FactSnippet No. 1,758,394

Edgar Allan Poe reinvented science fiction, responding in his writing to emerging technologies such as hot air balloons in "The Balloon-Hoax".

FactSnippet No. 1,758,395

Edgar Allan Poe wrote much of his work using themes aimed specifically at mass-market tastes.

FactSnippet No. 1,758,396

Edgar Allan Poe disliked didacticism and allegory, though he believed that meaning in literature should be an undercurrent just beneath the surface.

FactSnippet No. 1,758,397

Edgar Allan Poe believed that work of quality should be brief and focus on a specific single effect.

FactSnippet No. 1,758,398

Edgar Allan Poe describes his method in writing "The Raven" in the essay "The Philosophy of Composition", and he claims to have strictly followed this method.

FactSnippet No. 1,758,399

Edgar Allan Poe accused Longfellow of "the heresy of the didactic", writing poetry that was preachy, derivative, and thematically plagiarized.

FactSnippet No. 1,758,400

Edgar Allan Poe correctly predicted that Longfellow's reputation and style of poetry would decline, concluding, "We grant him high qualities, but deny him the Future".

FactSnippet No. 1,758,401

Edgar Allan Poe was known as a writer of fiction and became one of the first American authors of the 19th century to become more popular in Europe than in the United States.

FactSnippet No. 1,758,402

Edgar Allan Poe is particularly respected in France, in part due to early translations by Charles Baudelaire.

FactSnippet No. 1,758,403

Edgar Allan Poe's work influenced science fiction, notably Jules Verne, who wrote a sequel to Edgar Allan Poe's novel The Narrative of Arthur Gordon Pym of Nantucket called An Antarctic Mystery, known as The Sphinx of the Ice Fields.

FactSnippet No. 1,758,404

One trend among imitators of Edgar Allan Poe has been claims by clairvoyants or psychics to be "channeling" poems from Edgar Allan Poe's spirit.

FactSnippet No. 1,758,405

Aldous Huxley wrote that Edgar Allan Poe's writing "falls into vulgarity" by being "too poetical"—the equivalent of wearing a diamond ring on every finger.

FactSnippet No. 1,758,406

Edgar Allan Poe eschewed the scientific method in Eureka and instead wrote from pure intuition.

FactSnippet No. 1,758,407

In particular, Edgar Allan Poe's suggestions ignored Newtonian principles regarding the density and rotation of planets.

FactSnippet No. 1,758,408

Edgar Allan Poe had placed a notice of his abilities in the Philadelphia paper Alexander's Weekly Messenger, inviting submissions of ciphers which he proceeded to solve.

FactSnippet No. 1,758,409

In July 1841, Edgar Allan Poe had published an essay called "A Few Words on Secret Writing" in Graham's Magazine.

FactSnippet No. 1,758,410

The sensation that Edgar Allan Poe created with his cryptography stunts played a major role in popularizing cryptograms in newspapers and magazines.

FactSnippet No. 1,758,411

Edgar Allan Poe had an influence on cryptography beyond increasing public interest during his lifetime.

FactSnippet No. 1,758,412

Historical Edgar Allan Poe has appeared as a fictionalized character, often representing the "mad genius" or "tormented artist" and exploiting his personal struggles.

FactSnippet No. 1,758,413

Edgar Allan Poe is believed to have lived in the home at the age of 23 when he first lived with Maria Clemm and Virginia.

FactSnippet No. 1,758,414

The winning design by Stefanie Rocknak depicts a life-sized Edgar Allan Poe striding against the wind, accompanied by a flying raven; his suitcase lid has fallen open, leaving a "paper trail" of literary works embedded in the sidewalk behind him.

FactSnippet No. 1,758,415

Early daguerreotypes of Edgar Allan Poe continue to arouse great interest among literary historians.

FactSnippet No. 1,758,416

Sam Porpora was a historian at the Westminster Church in Baltimore where Edgar Allan Poe is buried, and he claimed on August 15,2007, that he had started the tradition in 1949.

FactSnippet No. 1,758,417

Edgar Allan Poe's story has not been confirmed, and some details which he gave to the press are factually inaccurate.

FactSnippet No. 1,758,418