98 Facts About Elizabeth Taylor

1.

Dame Elizabeth Rosemond "Liz" Taylor was a British-American actress.

FactSnippet No. 492,477
2.

Elizabeth Taylor's began her career as a child actress in the early 1940s and was one of the most popular stars of classical Hollywood cinema in the 1950s.

FactSnippet No. 492,478
3.

Elizabeth Taylor's then became the world's highest paid movie star in the 1960s, remaining a well-known public figure for the rest of her life.

FactSnippet No. 492,479
4.

Elizabeth Taylor's made her acting debut with a minor role in the Universal Pictures film There's One Born Every Minute, but the studio ended her contract after a year.

FactSnippet No. 492,480
5.

Elizabeth Taylor's transitioned to mature roles in the 1950s, when she starred in the comedy Father of the Bride and received critical acclaim for her performance in the drama A Place in the Sun (1951).

FactSnippet No. 492,481
6.

Elizabeth Taylor's resented the studio's control and disliked many of the films to which she was assigned.

FactSnippet No. 492,482
7.

Elizabeth Taylor's began receiving more enjoyable roles in the mid-1950s, beginning with the epic drama Giant, and starred in several critically and commercially successful films in the following years.

FactSnippet No. 492,483
8.

These included two film adaptations of plays by Tennessee Williams: Cat on a Hot Tin Roof, and Suddenly, Last Summer (1959); Elizabeth Taylor won a Golden Globe for Best Actress for the latter.

FactSnippet No. 492,484
9.

Elizabeth Taylor received the best reviews of her career for Woolf, winning her second Academy Award and several other awards for her performance.

FactSnippet No. 492,485
10.

Elizabeth Taylor's acting career began to decline in the late 1960s, although she continued starring in films until the mid-1970s, after which she focused on supporting the career of her sixth husband, United States Senator John Warner.

FactSnippet No. 492,486
11.

Elizabeth Taylor's became the second celebrity to launch a perfume brand, after Sophia Loren.

FactSnippet No. 492,487
12.

Elizabeth Taylor's co-founded the American Foundation for AIDS Research in 1985 and the Elizabeth Taylor AIDS Foundation in 1991.

FactSnippet No. 492,488
13.

Elizabeth Taylor's was married eight times to seven men, converted to Judaism, endured several serious illnesses, and led a jet set lifestyle, including assembling one of the most expensive private collections of jewelry in the world.

FactSnippet No. 492,489
14.

Elizabeth Rosemond Taylor was born on February 27, 1932, at Heathwood, her family's home on 8 Wildwood Road in the London Borough of Barnet, northwest London, England.

FactSnippet No. 492,490
15.

Elizabeth Taylor's was enrolled in Byron House School, a Montessori school in Highgate, and was raised according to the teachings of Christian Science, the religion of her mother and Cazalet.

FactSnippet No. 492,491
16.

In California, Elizabeth Taylor's mother was frequently told that her daughter should audition for films.

FactSnippet No. 492,492
17.

Sara was initially opposed to Elizabeth Taylor appearing in films, but after the outbreak of war in Europe made return there unlikely, she began to view the film industry as a way of assimilating to American society.

FactSnippet No. 492,493
18.

Elizabeth Taylor began her contract in April 1941 and was cast in a small role in There's One Born Every Minute.

FactSnippet No. 492,494
19.

Elizabeth Taylor's did not receive other roles, and her contract was terminated after a year.

FactSnippet No. 492,495
20.

Elizabeth Taylor later said that, "apparently, I used to frighten grown ups, because I was totally direct.

FactSnippet No. 492,496
21.

Elizabeth Taylor received another opportunity in late 1942, when her father's acquaintance, MGM producer Samuel Marx, arranged for her to audition for a minor role in Lassie Come Home, which required a child actress with an English accent.

FactSnippet No. 492,497
22.

Elizabeth Taylor was cast in her first starring role at the age of 12, when she was chosen to play a girl who wants to compete as a jockey in the exclusively male Grand National in National Velvet.

FactSnippet No. 492,498
23.

Elizabeth Taylor's later called it "the most exciting film" of her career.

FactSnippet No. 492,499
24.

Elizabeth Taylor later stated that her childhood ended when she became a star, as MGM started to control every aspect of her life.

FactSnippet No. 492,500
25.

Elizabeth Taylor's described the studio as a "big extended factory", where she was required to adhere to a strict daily schedule: days were spent attending school and filming at the studio lot, and evenings in dancing and singing classes, and in practising the following day's scenes.

FactSnippet No. 492,501
26.

When Elizabeth Taylor turned 15 in 1947, MGM began to cultivate a more mature public image for her by organizing photo shoots and interviews that portrayed her as a "normal" teenager attending parties and going on dates.

FactSnippet No. 492,502
27.

Elizabeth Taylor made the transition to adult roles when she turned 18 in 1950.

FactSnippet No. 492,503
28.

Elizabeth Taylor had been only 16 at the time of its filming, but its release was delayed until March 1950, as MGM disliked it and feared it could cause diplomatic problems.

FactSnippet No. 492,504
29.

Elizabeth Taylor next starred in the romantic comedy Love Is Better Than Ever.

FactSnippet No. 492,505
30.

Elizabeth Taylor's was not happy about the project, finding the story superficial and her role as Rebecca too small.

FactSnippet No. 492,506
31.

Elizabeth Taylor's had been loaned to Paramount Pictures for the film after its original star, Vivien Leigh, fell ill.

FactSnippet No. 492,507
32.

Elizabeth Taylor disliked historical films in general, as their elaborate costumes and make-up required her to wake up earlier than usual to prepare.

FactSnippet No. 492,508
33.

Elizabeth Taylor's later said that she gave one of the worst performances of her career in Beau Brummell.

FactSnippet No. 492,509
34.

Elizabeth Taylor became pregnant again during the production, and had to agree to add another year to her contract to make up for the period spent on maternity leave.

FactSnippet No. 492,510
35.

Elizabeth Taylor found her role as a mentally disturbed Southern belle fascinating, but overall disliked the film.

FactSnippet No. 492,511
36.

Elizabeth Taylor considered her next performance as Maggie the Cat in the screen adaptation of the Tennessee Williams play Cat on a Hot Tin Roof a career "high point.

FactSnippet No. 492,512
37.

Elizabeth Taylor's had completed only two weeks of filming in March 1958, when Todd was killed in a plane crash.

FactSnippet No. 492,513
38.

Elizabeth Taylor's received positive reviews for her performance, with Bosley Crowther of The New York Times calling her "terrific", and Variety praising her for "a well-accented, perceptive interpretation.

FactSnippet No. 492,514
39.

Elizabeth Taylor received her third Academy Award nomination and her first Golden Globe for Best Actress for her performance.

FactSnippet No. 492,515
40.

Elizabeth Taylor's hated the film for the same reason, but had no choice in the matter, although the studio agreed to her demands of filming in New York and casting Eddie Fisher in a sympathetic role.

FactSnippet No. 492,516
41.

Crowther wrote that Elizabeth Taylor "looks like a million dollars, in mink or in negligee", while Variety stated that she gives "a torrid, stinging portrayal with one or two brilliantly executed passages within.

FactSnippet No. 492,517
42.

In retrospect, Elizabeth Taylor called Cleopatra a "low point" in her career, and said that the studio had cut out the scenes which she felt provided the "core of the characterization.

FactSnippet No. 492,518
43.

Elizabeth Taylor played a famous model attempting to leave her husband for a lover, and Burton her estranged millionaire husband.

FactSnippet No. 492,519
44.

Variety wrote that Elizabeth Taylor's "characterization is at once sensual, spiteful, cynical, pitiable, loathsome, lustful, and tender.

FactSnippet No. 492,520
45.

Elizabeth Taylor received her second Academy Award, and BAFTA, National Board of Review, and New York City Film Critics Circle awards for her performance.

FactSnippet No. 492,521
46.

Elizabeth Taylor and Burton's last film of the year was the adaptation of Graham Greene's novel, The Comedians, which received mixed reviews and was a box-office disappointment.

FactSnippet No. 492,522
47.

Elizabeth Taylor's had gained weight, was nearing middle age, and did not fit in with New Hollywood stars such as Jane Fonda and Julie Christie.

FactSnippet No. 492,523
48.

Elizabeth Taylor's appeared with Burton in the adaptation of Dylan Thomas's Under Milk Wood; although her role was small, the producers decided to give her top-billing to profit from her fame.

FactSnippet No. 492,524
49.

Elizabeth Taylor took fewer roles after the mid-1970s, and focused on supporting the career of her sixth husband, Republican politician John Warner, a US senator.

FactSnippet No. 492,525
50.

Instead of portraying Giddens in negative light, as had often been the case in previous productions, Elizabeth Taylor's idea was to show her as a victim of circumstance, explaining, "She's a killer, but she's saying, 'Sorry fellas, you put me in this position'.

FactSnippet No. 492,526
51.

Elizabeth Taylor's made cameos in the soap operas Hotel and All My Children in 1984, and played a brothel keeper in the historical mini-series North and South in 1985.

FactSnippet No. 492,527
52.

Elizabeth Taylor's starred in several television films, playing gossip columnist Louella Parsons in Malice in Wonderland, a "fading movie star" in the drama There Must Be a Pony (1986), and a character based on Poker Alice in the eponymous Western (1987).

FactSnippet No. 492,528
53.

Elizabeth Taylor's re-united with director Franco Zeffirelli to appear in his French-Italian biopic Young Toscanini, and had the last starring role of her career in a television adaptation of Sweet Bird of Youth (1989), her fourth Tennessee Williams play.

FactSnippet No. 492,529
54.

Elizabeth Taylor received American and British honors for her career: the AFI Life Achievement Award in 1993, the Screen Actors Guild honorary award in 1997, and a BAFTA Fellowship in 1999.

FactSnippet No. 492,530
55.

Elizabeth Taylor's gave one last public performance in 2007 when, with James Earl Jones, she performed the play Love Letters at an AIDS benefit at the Paramount Studios.

FactSnippet No. 492,531
56.

Elizabeth Taylor's began her philanthropic work after becoming frustrated with the fact that very little was being done to combat the disease despite the media attention.

FactSnippet No. 492,532
57.

Elizabeth Taylor's later explained for Vanity Fair that she "decided that with my name, I could open certain doors, that I was a commodity in myself – and I'm not talking as an actress.

FactSnippet No. 492,533
58.

Elizabeth Taylor began her philanthropic efforts in 1984 by helping to organize and by hosting the first AIDS fundraiser to benefit the AIDS Project Los Angeles.

FactSnippet No. 492,534
59.

Elizabeth Taylor testified before the Senate and House for the Ryan White Care Act in 1986, 1990, and 1992.

FactSnippet No. 492,535
60.

Elizabeth Taylor was honored with several awards for her philanthropic work.

FactSnippet No. 492,536
61.

Elizabeth Taylor's was made a Knight of the French Legion of Honour in 1987, and received the Jean Hersholt Humanitarian Award in 1993, the Screen Actors' Guild Lifetime Achievement Award for Humanitarian service in 1997, the GLAAD Vanguard Award in 2000, and the Presidential Citizens Medal in 2001.

FactSnippet No. 492,537
62.

Elizabeth Taylor created a collection of fragrances whose unprecedented success helped establish the trend of celebrity-branded perfumes in later years.

FactSnippet No. 492,538
63.

Elizabeth Taylor personally supervised the creation and production of each of the 11 fragrances marketed in her name.

FactSnippet No. 492,539
64.

In 2005, Elizabeth Taylor founded a jewelry company, House of Elizabeth Taylor, in collaboration with Kathy Ireland and Jack and Monty Abramov.

FactSnippet No. 492,540
65.

Elizabeth Taylor declined the offer, but was otherwise eager to marry young, as her "rather puritanical upbringing and beliefs" made her believe that "love was synonymous with marriage.

FactSnippet No. 492,541
66.

Elizabeth Taylor was 18 years old when she married Conrad Hilton Jr.

FactSnippet No. 492,542
67.

Hilton caused Elizabeth Taylor to have a miscarriage after one of his violent outbursts.

FactSnippet No. 492,543
68.

Elizabeth Taylor's was granted a divorce on the grounds of mental cruelty on January 29, 1951, eight months after their wedding.

FactSnippet No. 492,544
69.

Elizabeth Taylor married her second husband, British actor Michael Wilding – a man 20 years her senior – in a low-key ceremony at Caxton Hall in London on February 21, 1952.

FactSnippet No. 492,545
70.

Elizabeth Taylor's had first met him in 1948 while filming The Conspirator in England, and their relationship began when she returned to film Ivanhoe in 1951.

FactSnippet No. 492,546
71.

Elizabeth Taylor found their age gap appealing, as she wanted "the calm and quiet and security of friendship" from their relationship; he hoped that the marriage would aid his career in Hollywood.

FactSnippet No. 492,547
72.

Elizabeth Taylor married her third husband, theater and film producer Mike Todd, in Acapulco, Guerrero, Mexico, on February 2, 1957.

FactSnippet No. 492,548
73.

Elizabeth Taylor's was comforted by Todd's and her friend, singer Eddie Fisher, with whom she soon began an affair.

FactSnippet No. 492,549
74.

Elizabeth Taylor was granted a divorce from Fisher on March 5, 1964, in Puerto Vallarta, Jalisco, Mexico, and married Burton 10 days later in a private ceremony at the Ritz-Carlton Montreal.

FactSnippet No. 492,550
75.

Elizabeth Taylor's met her seventh – and last – husband, construction worker Larry Fortensky, at the Betty Ford Center in 1988.

FactSnippet No. 492,551
76.

The wedding was again subject to intense media attention, with one photographer parachuting to the ranch and Elizabeth Taylor selling the wedding pictures to People for $1 million, which she used to start her AIDS foundation.

FactSnippet No. 492,552
77.

Elizabeth Taylor's attributed the split to her painful hip operations and his obsessive-compulsive disorder.

FactSnippet No. 492,553
78.

Elizabeth Taylor was raised as a Christian Scientist, and converted to Judaism in 1959.

FactSnippet No. 492,554
79.

Elizabeth Taylor's was barred from entering Egypt to film Cleopatra in 1962, but the ban was lifted two years later after the Egyptian officials deemed that the film brought positive publicity for the country.

FactSnippet No. 492,555
80.

Elizabeth Taylor's advocated for the right of Soviet Jews to emigrate to Israel, cancelled a visit to the USSR because of its condemnation of Israel due to the Six-Day War, and signed a letter protesting the United Nations General Assembly Resolution 3379 of 1975.

FactSnippet No. 492,556
81.

Elizabeth Taylor's had a small role in the television film made about the incident, Victory at Entebbe, and narrated Genocide (1981), an Academy Award-winning documentary about the Holocaust.

FactSnippet No. 492,557
82.

Elizabeth Taylor is considered a fashion icon both for her film costumes and personal style.

FactSnippet No. 492,558
83.

Elizabeth Taylor collected jewelry through her life, and owned the 33.

FactSnippet No. 492,559
84.

Elizabeth Taylor's published a book about her collection, My Love Affair with Jewelry, in 2002.

FactSnippet No. 492,560
85.

Elizabeth Taylor helped to popularize the work of fashion designers Valentino Garavani and Halston.

FactSnippet No. 492,561
86.

Elizabeth Taylor's received a Lifetime of Glamour Award from the Council of Fashion Designers of America in 1997.

FactSnippet No. 492,562
87.

Elizabeth Taylor struggled with health problems for most of her life.

FactSnippet No. 492,563
88.

Elizabeth Taylor's was born with scoliosis and broke her back while filming National Velvet in 1944.

FactSnippet No. 492,564
89.

Elizabeth Taylor was prone to other illnesses and injuries, which often necessitated surgery; in 1961, she survived a near-fatal bout of pneumonia that required a tracheotomy.

FactSnippet No. 492,565
90.

Elizabeth Taylor's was treated at the Betty Ford Center for seven weeks from December 1983 to January 1984, becoming the first celebrity to openly admit herself to the clinic.

FactSnippet No. 492,566
91.

Elizabeth Taylor was a heavy smoker until she experienced a severe bout of pneumonia in 1990.

FactSnippet No. 492,567
92.

Elizabeth Taylor had serious bouts of pneumonia in 1990 and 2000, two hip replacement surgeries in the mid-1990s, a surgery for a benign brain tumor in 1997, and successful treatment for skin cancer in 2002.

FactSnippet No. 492,568
93.

Elizabeth Taylor's used a wheelchair due to her back problems and was diagnosed with congestive heart failure in 2004.

FactSnippet No. 492,569
94.

Elizabeth Taylor lived at 700 Nimes Road in the Bel Air district of Los Angeles from 1982 until her death in 2011.

FactSnippet No. 492,570
95.

Elizabeth Taylor was one of the last stars of classical Hollywood cinema and one of the first modern celebrities.

FactSnippet No. 492,571
96.

Elizabeth Taylor's was portrayed as different from "ordinary" people, and her public image was carefully crafted and controlled by MGM.

FactSnippet No. 492,572
97.

In contrast, Mel Gussow of The New York Times stated that "the range of [Elizabeth Taylor's] acting was surprisingly wide", despite the fact that she never received any professional training.

FactSnippet No. 492,573
98.

Elizabeth Taylor has been discussed by journalists and scholars interested in the role of women in Western society.

FactSnippet No. 492,574