23 Facts About Emmeline Pankhurst

1. Emmeline Pankhurst was an English political activist.

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2. Emmeline Pankhurst's was widely criticised for her militant tactics, and historians disagree about their effectiveness, but her work is recognised as a crucial element in achieving women's suffrage in the United Kingdom.

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3. In 1903, Emmeline Pankhurst founded the Women's Social and Political Union, an all-women suffrage advocacy organisation dedicated to "deeds, not words".

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4. Emmeline Pankhurst organised and led a massive procession called the Women's Right to Serve demonstration to illustrate women's contribution to the war effort.

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5. Emmeline Pankhurst began to read books when she was very young, with one source claiming that she was reading as early as the age of three.

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6. Emmeline Pankhurst tended to her husband and children, but still devoted time to political activities.

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7. Emmeline Pankhurst gave birth to another daughter, Estelle Sylvia, in 1882 and their son Henry Francis Robert, nicknamed Frank, in 1884.

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8. Overwhelmed with grief, Emmeline Pankhurst commissioned two portraits of the dead boy but was unable to look at them and hid them in a bedroom cupboard.

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9. Emmeline Pankhurst made their Russell Square home into a centre for political intellectuals and activists, including, "Socialists, Protesters, Anarchists, Suffragists, Free Thinkers, Radicals and Humanitarians of all schools.

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10. Emmeline Pankhurst aligned herself with the "new rules" group, which became known as the Parliament Street Society.

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11. Excited about the range of issues which the ILP pledged to confront, Emmeline Pankhurst resigned from the WFL and applied to join the ILP.

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12. One of her first activities with the ILP found Emmeline Pankhurst distributing food to poor men and women through the Committee for the Relief of the Unemployed.

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13. Emmeline Pankhurst declared in 1906: "We are at last recognized as a political party; we are now in the swim of politics, and are a political force.

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14. Emmeline Pankhurst saw imprisonment as a means to publicise the urgency of women's suffrage; in June 1909 she struck a police officer twice in the face to ensure she would be arrested.

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15. In 1909, as Emmeline Pankhurst planned a speaking tour of the United States, Henry was paralyzed after his spinal cord became inflamed.

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16. In March 1912, the second bill was in jeopardy and Emmeline Pankhurst joined a fresh outbreak of window-smashing.

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17. Inside Holloway Prison, Emmeline Pankhurst staged her first hunger strike to improve conditions for other suffragettes in nearby cells; she was quickly joined by Pethick-Lawrence and other WSPU members.

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18. Emmeline Pankhurst lobbied Prime Minister David Lloyd George to ensure Christabel would have coalition backing.

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19. Emmeline Pankhurst established an adoption home at Campden Hill designed to employ the Montessori method of childhood education.

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20. Emmeline Pankhurst concluded by telling her that English women had nothing to teach women in Russia.

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21. When she returned from Russia, Emmeline Pankhurst was delighted to find that women's right to vote was finally on its way to becoming a reality.

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22. On Thursday 14 June 1928 Emmeline Pankhurst died, at the age of 69.

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23. In 2002, Emmeline Pankhurst was placed at number 27 in the BBC's poll of the 100 Greatest Britons.

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