101 Facts About Frederick Douglass

1. Frederick Douglass generated some controversy when he married Helen Pitts, a white woman nearly twenty years his junior, in 1884, a year after his first wife, Anna Murray Douglass, died.

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2. Frederick Douglass persisted in his quest to have the United States honor universal individual liberty, fully recognizing that the end to slavery had not ushered in equal rights.

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3. Frederick Douglass published a series of newspapers, including Frederick Douglass' Weekly, until 1863.

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4. Frederick Douglass published two more autobiographies My Bondage and My Freedom in 1855 and Life and Times of Frederick Douglass in 1881.

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5. Frederick Douglass made two failed attempts to escape in his teens.

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6. Frederick Douglass was whipped regularly and was about to break psychologically.

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7. Frederick Douglass spent most of his early years serving Hugh Auld in Baltimore.

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8. In 1881, Frederick Douglass published Life and Times of Frederick Douglass, which he revised in 1892.

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9. At the urging of Garrison, Frederick Douglass wrote and published his first autobiography, Narrative of the Life of Frederick Douglass, an American Slave, in 1845.

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10. Frederick Douglass Trafficking Victims Prevention and Protection Reauthorization Act of 2018, signature legislation sponsored by Republican Congressman Chris Smith of Hamilton, became law Tuesday as Trump found a moment to sign it amid a partial federal government shutdown.

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11. Frederick Douglass gave many lectures there, including his last major speech, "The Lesson of the Hour.

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12. Frederick Douglass thought the latter resembled the American Colonization Society which he had opposed in his youth.

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13. In 1881, Frederick Douglass published the final edition of his autobiography, The Life and Times of Frederick Douglass.

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14. Frederick Douglass had met Auld's daughter, Amanda Auld Sears, some years prior; she had requested the meeting and had subsequently attended and cheered one of Douglass' speeches.

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15. Frederick Douglass served as president of the Reconstruction-era Freedman's Savings Bank.

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16. Frederick Douglass made plans with Lincoln to move liberated slaves out of the South.

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17. Frederick Douglass was the most photographed American of the 19th Century, self-consciously using photography to advance his political views.

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18. Frederick Douglass said that full inclusion within the educational system was a more pressing need for African Americans than political issues such as suffrage.

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19. Frederick Douglass met and befriended the Irish nationalist Daniel O'Connell who was to be a great inspiration.

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20. Frederick Douglass traveled in Ireland as the Irish Potato Famine was beginning.

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21. In 1881, after the Civil War, Frederick Douglass published Life and Times of Frederick Douglass, which he revised in 1892.

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22. Frederick Douglass whipped Douglass regularly, and nearly broke him psychologically.

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23. Frederick Douglass was a believer in dialogue and in making alliances across racial and ideological divides, and in the liberal values of the US Constitution.

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24. Frederick Douglass described his experiences as a slave in his 1845 autobiography, Narrative of the Life of Frederick Douglass, an American Slave, which became a bestseller, and was influential in promoting the cause of abolition, as was his second book, My Bondage and My Freedom.

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25. Frederick Douglass saves money and escapes to New York City, where he marries Anna Murray, a free black woman from Baltimore.

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26. Frederick Douglass refused to leave his wife Anna Murray and Ottilie returned home disillusioned.

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27. Frederick Douglass had an 28-year affair with a German journalist named Ottilie Assing.

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28. Frederick Douglass had no known affiliation to the Liberty Party and was unaware of the circumstances surrounding his nomination for this convention.

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29. Frederick Douglass appealed to President Lincoln and his cabinet to enlist blacks into the Union Army.

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30. Frederick Douglass became a licensed preacher of the African Methodist Episcopal Zion Church in 1839.

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31. At the age of 12, Frederick Douglass insisted to learn how to read, as his mother Harriet Bailey was the only woman of color in Tuckahoe who could read.

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32. Frederick Douglass is one of the most important figures in American history, but many know little about the legendary abolitionist.

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33. Frederick Douglass was the first African American nominated for vice president of the United States on the Equal Rights Party ticket in 1872.

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34. Frederick Douglass became the first Black Vice-Presidential nominee for the Equal Rights Party in 1872 after Victoria Woodhull named him to the ticket without his knowledge or consent, according to accounts.

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35. Frederick Douglass continued to work to improve the lives of all African-Americans.

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36. Frederick Douglass began hatching a plan to escape while working the docks in Baltimore and eventually made his way North in 1836.

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37. Frederick Douglass was eventually sent back down South, witnessing the horrors of slavery firsthand.

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38. Frederick Douglass was an African-American social reformer, abolitionist, orator, writer, and statesman.

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39. Frederick Douglass believed the primary cause of the Civil War was to liberate the slaves.

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40. Frederick Douglass led a growing movement that caused a split in the Abolitionist movement.

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41. Frederick Douglass spent two years in Europe lecturing on the horrors of slavery.

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42. Frederick Douglass continued to Massachusetts and soon joined the abolitionist cause.

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43. Frederick Douglass was sent away to another slave owner named Mr Freeman.

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44. Frederick Douglass never knew his father and was moved to different residences throughout Maryland during his childhood.

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45. Frederick Douglass was a nineteenth century eminent figure of United States, belonged to the time period when African-Americans like him were shackled by the White Americans into slavery.

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46. Frederick Douglass is one of the people that we honor, and his room displays a first-edition copy of his book My Bondage and My Freedom, as well as an etching of his quote "I would unite with anybody to do right, and with nobody to do wrong.

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47. Frederick Douglass influenced presidents, social activists, and other abolitionists, including Abraham Lincoln, Elizabeth Cady Stanton, and William Lloyd Garrison.

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48. Frederick Douglass was born into slavery in Talbot County, Maryland, to his mother, Harriet Bailey.

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49. Frederick Douglass died of a massive heart attack or stroke on February 20, 1895.

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50. Frederick Douglass spent his life fighting for justice and equality.

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51. Frederick Douglass was born in February 1817 on the eastern shore of Maryland.

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52. Frederick Douglass was visiting Washington, DC, in 1877 when his home in Rochester, New York, burned down in a suspected arson that destroyed most of his family's possessions.

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53. Frederick Douglass was the first African American to receive a vice presidential nomination when Victoria Woodhull, the first woman to run for president, chose him as her running mate at the Equal Rights Party Convention in 1872, although he did not acknowledge the nomination or campaign for the office.

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54. Frederick Douglass was the first African American to receive a vote for president at a major political party convention.

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55. Frederick Douglass helped improve conditions for the soldiers, meeting with Lincoln on issues such as equal pay and merit-based promotions, which African American soldiers eventually received.

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56. Frederick Douglass was the only African American to attend the First Women's Rights Convention held in Seneca Falls, New York, in 1848.

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57. Frederick Douglass became a free man thanks to help from European allies.

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58. Frederick Douglass was the most photographed American of the 19th century, sitting for more portraits than even Abraham Lincoln.

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59. Frederick Douglass attempted to escape from slavery twice before he was successful.

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60. Frederick Douglass was a supporter not only of the rights of African Americans, but of women as well.

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61. Frederick Douglass continued his career as a lecturer after the war.

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62. In 1863, Frederick Douglass met with President Abraham Lincoln to discuss the inequalities in military service.

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63. Frederick Douglass was a prominent figure in the Abolitionist Movement, which was the fight to end slavery.

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64. Frederick Douglass was a famous abolitionist by the time the war began in 1861.

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65. Frederick Douglass was well-known as a powerful orator, and his July 5, 1852 speech to a group of hundreds of abolitionists in Rochester, New York, is considered a masterwork.

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66. Frederick Douglass wrote extensively on the subject during the Civil War, calling photography a "democratic art" that could finally represent black people as humans rather than "things.

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67. Frederick Douglass was a slave, he wasn't allowed to learn to read or write.

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68. Frederick Douglass returned with funds to purchase his freedom and to start his own antislavery newspaper, the North Star, which he published from 1847 to 1860 in Rochester, New York.

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69. Frederick Douglass remained outspoken during the remainder of the Civil War.

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70. Frederick Douglass suffered a stroke on February 20, 1895, and died at the age of seventy-eight.

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71. Frederick Douglass took his wife's death very hard and seemed to have a nervous breakdown.

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72. Frederick Douglass was recognized as one of the most important black leaders in the United States by the time the Civil War ended in 1865.

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73. Frederick Douglass argued that black men should be allowed to serve as soldiers in the Union Army.

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74. Frederick Douglass was glad to see the Civil War begin because he believed it would result in the abolition of slavery.

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75. Frederick Douglass returned to the United States in 1847 as a free man.

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76. Frederick Douglass obtained papers that enabled him to pass as a sailor.

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77. At the age of fifteen, Frederick Douglass was sent to the city of Baltimore to become a laborer.

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78. Frederick Douglass spent his early years under the care of his grandmother.

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79. Frederick Douglass was born in Tolbert County, in eastern Maryland, around 1818.

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80. Frederick Douglass left the position in 1891 and lived in semiretirement.

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81. Frederick Douglass campaigned for the election of Benjamin Harrison in 1888 and was appointed minister and counsel general to Haiti when Harrison took office.

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82. Frederick Douglass called it Cedar Hill and frequently entertained family members and friends.

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83. Frederick Douglass wanted Congress to act on Reconstruction in much more forceful ways than President Andrew Johnson.

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84. Frederick Douglass moved to Washington, DC, in 1872 after his Rochester home was destroyed by fire.

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85. Frederick Douglass toured Santo Domingo from January through March 1871 and defended the president's failed attempt to annex the island.

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86. Frederick Douglass met on several occasions with John Brown, an abolitionist who preached violence against slave owners.

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87. Frederick Douglass became politically active in his fight for equality and the abolishment of slavery.

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88. Frederick Douglass decided to travel to England, which had emancipated all slaves within the British Empire.

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89. Frederick Douglass quickly became involved with abolitionist groups and read the Liberator, an abolitionist newspaper founded by William Lloyd Garrison.

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90. Frederick Douglass realized that reading and writing was a way to freedom.

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91. Frederick Douglass was an eloquent spokesperson for abolition and equality.

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92. Frederick Douglass was the leading African-American spokesperson in these efforts, a man whose voice and ideas had a lasting impact on the nation.

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93. Frederick Douglass was elated by the South's defeat in April 1865 and by the subsequent abolition of slavery, but he soon found that his work was not yet finished.

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94. Frederick Douglass had always strongly supported full citizenship rights for African Americans and sharply disagreed with black leaders of the 1850s, such as Henry Highland Garnet, who supported black emigration to Africa.

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95. Frederick Douglass was an early advocate of voting rights for women.

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96. Frederick Douglass began to attend abolitionist meetings, and after meeting abolitionist leader William Lloyd Garrison he became a major speaker on the abolitionist circuit.

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97. Frederick Douglass hoped his days as an activist had ended with the war, but it was clear that the United States was not providing justice and equality to African Americans.

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98. Frederick Douglass helped Lincoln with his 1864 reelection campaign and attended the inaugural ball.

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99. Frederick Douglass fled to England to escape federal charges of aiding Brown.

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100. In the 1850s, Frederick Douglass came to support violent resistance to enforcement of the Fugitive Slave Act of 1850, which required citizens of free states to return runaway slaves to their slave owners.

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101. Frederick Douglass attended the first Seneca Falls Women's Rights Convention in New York, in July 1848, and held a lifelong commitment to women's rights.

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