67 Facts About Georgia O'Keeffe


Georgia Totto O'Keeffe was an American modernist artist.

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In 1905, Georgia O'Keeffe began art training at the School of the Art Institute of Chicago and then the Art Students League of New York.

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Georgia O'Keeffe's studied art in the summers between 1912 and 1914 and was introduced to the principles and philosophies of Arthur Wesley Dow, who created works of art based upon personal style, design, and interpretation of subjects, rather than trying to copy or represent them.

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Georgia O'Keeffe's moved to New York in 1918 at Stieglitz's request and began working seriously as an artist.

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Georgia O'Keeffe created many forms of abstract art, including close-ups of flowers, such as the Red Canna paintings, that many found to represent vulvas, though Georgia O'Keeffe consistently denied that intention.

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Georgia O'Keeffe attended high school at Sacred Heart Academy in Madison, Wisconsin, as a boarder between 1901 and 1902.

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Georgia O'Keeffe stayed in Wisconsin with her aunt attending Madison Central High School until joining her family in Virginia in 1903.

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Georgia O'Keeffe's completed high school as a boarder at Chatham Episcopal Institute in Virginia, graduating in 1905.

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Georgia O'Keeffe taught and headed the art department at West Texas State Normal College, watching over her youngest sibling, Claudia, at her mother's request.

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From 1905 to 1906, Georgia O'Keeffe was enrolled at the School of the Art Institute of Chicago, where she studied with John Vanderpoel and ranked at the top of her class.

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In 1908, Georgia O'Keeffe discovered that she would not be able to finance her studies.

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Georgia O'Keeffe's was not interested in a career as a painter based on the mimetic tradition that had formed the basis of her art training.

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Georgia O'Keeffe's took a job in Chicago as a commercial artist and worked there until 1910, when she returned to Virginia to recuperate from the measles and later moved with her family to Charlottesville, Virginia.

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Georgia O'Keeffe's did not paint for four years and said that the smell of turpentine made her ill.

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Georgia O'Keeffe's took a summer art class in 1912 at the University of Virginia from Alon Bement, who was a Columbia University Teachers College faculty member.

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Georgia O'Keeffe's began to experiment with abstract compositions and develop a personal style that veered away from realism.

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Georgia O'Keeffe's took classes at the University of Virginia for two more summers.

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Georgia O'Keeffe's took a class in the spring of 1914 at Teachers College of Columbia University with Dow, who further influenced her thinking about the process of making art.

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Georgia O'Keeffe's taught at Columbia College in Columbia, South Carolina in late 1915, where she completed a series of highly innovative charcoal abstractions based on her personal sensations.

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In early 1916, Georgia O'Keeffe was in New York at Teachers College, Columbia University.

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Georgia O'Keeffe's mailed the charcoal drawings to a friend and former classmate at Teachers College, Anita Pollitzer, who took them to Alfred Stieglitz at his 291 gallery early in 1916.

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Georgia O'Keeffe's began a series of watercolor paintings based upon the scenery and expansive views during her walks, including vibrant paintings of Palo Duro Canyon.

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Georgia O'Keeffe, who enjoyed sunrises and sunsets, developed a fondness for intense and nocturnal colors.

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Georgia O'Keeffe continued to experiment until she believed she truly captured her feelings in the watercolor, Light Coming on the Plains No I .

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Georgia O'Keeffe's "captured a monumental landscape in this simple configuration, fusing blue and green pigments in almost indistinct tonal graduations that simulate the pulsating effect of light on the horizon of the Texas Panhandle, " according to author Sharyn Rohlfsen Udall.

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Stieglitz, 24 years older than Georgia O'Keeffe, provided financial support and arranged for a residence and place for her to paint in New York in 1918.

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Georgia O'Keeffe's came to know the many early American modernists who were part of Stieglitz's circle of artists, including painters Charles Demuth, Arthur Dove, Marsden Hartley, John Marin, and photographers Paul Strand and Edward Steichen.

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Georgia O'Keeffe began creating simplified images of natural things, such as leaves, flowers, and rocks.

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Georgia O'Keeffe's painted her first large-scale flower painting, Petunia, No 2, in 1924 and it was first exhibited in 1925.

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Art historian Linda Nochlin interpreted Black Iris III as a morphological metaphor for a vulva, but Georgia O'Keeffe rejected that interpretation, claiming they were just pictures of flowers.

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Georgia O'Keeffe's made a cityscape, East River from the Thirtieth Story of the Georgia O'Keeffe'slton Hotel in 1928, a painting of her view of the East River and smoke-emitting factories in Queens.

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Georgia O'Keeffe traveled to New Mexico by 1929 with her friend Rebecca Strand and stayed in Taos with Mabel Dodge Luhan, who provided the women with studios.

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Georgia O'Keeffe visited and painted the nearby historical San Francisco de Asis Mission Church at Ranchos de Taos.

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Georgia O'Keeffe's made several paintings of the church, as had many artists, and her painting of a fragment of it silhouetted against the sky captured it from a unique perspective.

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Georgia O'Keeffe then spent part of nearly every year working in New Mexico.

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Georgia O'Keeffe's collected rocks and bones from the desert floor and made them and the distinctive architectural and landscape forms of the area subjects in her work.

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Georgia O'Keeffe did not work from late 1932 until about the mid-1930s as she endured various nervous breakdowns and was admitted to a psychiatric hospital.

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Georgia O'Keeffe's was a popular artist, receiving commissions while her works were being exhibited in New York and other places.

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Back in New York, Georgia O'Keeffe completed a series of 20 sensual, verdant paintings.

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Georgia O'Keeffe produced a series of cloudscape art, such as Sky above the Clouds in the mid-1960s that were inspired by her views from airplane windows.

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In 1972, Georgia O'Keeffe lost much of her eyesight due to macular degeneration, leaving her with only peripheral vision.

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Georgia O'Keeffe's continued working in pencil and charcoal until 1984.

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Georgia O'Keeffe was seen as a revolutionary feminist; however, the artist rejected these notions, stating that "femaleness is irrelevant" and that “it has nothing to do with art making or accomplishment.

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Later, Georgia O'Keeffe was elected to the American Academy of Arts and Letters and in 1966 was elected a Fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences.

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In June 1918, Georgia O'Keeffe accepted Stieglitz's invitation to move to New York from Texas after he promised he would provide her with a quiet studio where she could paint.

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Georgia O'Keeffe's wife returned home once while their session was still in progress.

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Georgia O'Keeffe's had suspected for a while that something was going on between the two, and told him to stop seeing O'Keeffe or get out.

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In February 1921, Stieglitz's photographs of Georgia O'Keeffe were included in a retrospective exhibition at the Anderson Galleries.

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In 1928, Stieglitz began a long-term affair with Dorothy Norman, who was married, and Georgia O'Keeffe lost a project to create a mural for Radio City Music Hall.

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At the suggestion of Maria Chabot and Mabel Dodge Luhan, Georgia O'Keeffe began to spend the summers painting in New Mexico in 1929.

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Georgia O'Keeffe's traveled by train with her friend the painter Rebecca Strand, Paul Strand's wife, to Taos, where they lived with their patron who provided them with studios.

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In 1933, Georgia O'Keeffe was hospitalized for two months after suffering a nervous breakdown, largely due to Stieglitz's affair with Dorothy Norman.

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In 1933 and 1934, Georgia O'Keeffe recuperated in Bermuda and returned to New Mexico in 1934.

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Georgia O'Keeffe's traveled and camped at "Black Place" often with her friend, Maria Chabot, and later with Eliot Porter.

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In 1945, Georgia O'Keeffe bought a second house, an abandoned hacienda in Abiquiu, which she renovated into a home and studio.

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Shortly after Georgia O'Keeffe arrived for the summer in New Mexico in 1946, Stieglitz suffered a cerebral thrombosis .

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Georgia O'Keeffe's spent the next three years mostly in New York settling his estate, and then moved permanently to New Mexico in 1949, spending time at both Ghost Ranch and the Abiquiu house that she made into her studio.

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Georgia O'Keeffe enjoyed traveling to Europe, and around the world, beginning in the 1950s.

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In 1973, Georgia O'Keeffe hired John Bruce "Juan" Hamilton as a live-in assistant and then a caretaker.

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Georgia O'Keeffe, Drawing No 2 – Special, 1915, charcoal on laid paper, 23.

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Georgia O'Keeffe was a legend beginning in the 1920s, known as much for her independent spirit and female role model as for her dramatic and innovative works of art.

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Georgia O'Keeffe's received unprecedented acceptance as a woman artist from the fine art world due to her powerful graphic images and within a decade of moving to New York City, she was the highest-paid American woman artist.

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Georgia O'Keeffe's was known for a distinctive style in all aspects of her life.

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Georgia O'Keeffe was known for her relationship with Stieglitz, in which she provided some insight in her autobiography.

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The Georgia O'Keeffe Museum says that she was one of the first American artists to practice pure abstraction.

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In November 2016, the Georgia O'Keeffe Museum recognized the importance of her time in Charlottesville by dedicating an exhibition, using watercolors that she had created over three summers.

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Lifetime Television produced a biopic of Georgia O'Keeffe starring Joan Allen as O'Keeffe, Jeremy Irons as Alfred Stieglitz, Henry Simmons as Jean Toomer, Ed Begley Jr.

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