23 Facts About GNOME


GNOME, originally an acronym for GNU Network Object Model Environment, is a free and open-source desktop environment for Linux and other Unix-like operating systems.

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GNOME is developed by the GNOME Project, which is composed of both volunteers and paid contributors, the largest corporate contributor being Red Hat.

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GNOME is the default desktop environment of many major Linux distributions, including Debian, Endless OS, Fedora Linux, Red Hat Enterprise Linux, SUSE Linux Enterprise, Ubuntu, and Tails; it is the default of Solaris, a Unix operating system.

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GNOME was started on 15 August 1997 by Miguel de Icaza and Federico Mena as a free software project to develop a desktop environment and applications for it.

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GNOME itself is licensed under the LGPL for its libraries, and the GNU General Public License for its applications.

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GNOME used to be part of the GNU Project, but that is no longer the case.

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GNOME proceeded to remove mentions of any link to GNU from their code and documentation.

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The name "GNOME" was initially an acronym of GNU Network Object Model Environment, referring to the original intention of creating a distributed object framework similar to Microsoft's OLE, but the acronym was eventually dropped because it no longer reflected the vision of the GNOME project.

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GNOME 2 was released in June 2002and was very similar to a conventional desktop interface, featuring a simple desktop in which users could interact with virtual objects, such as windows, icons, and files.

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GNOME 2 started out with Sawfish as its default window manager, but later switched to Metacity.

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The handling of windows, applications, and files in GNOME 2 is similar to that of contemporary desktop operating systems.

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Release of GNOME 3 caused considerable controversy in the GNU and Linux communities.

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In 2013, Torvalds resumed using GNOME, noting that "they have extensions now that are still much too hard to find; but with extensions you can make your desktop look almost as good as it used to look two years ago".

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GNOME 43 was released on 21 September 2022 and introduces new quick settings, a nautilus update to gtk4, new device security panel in settings and gnome-web bringing in support for web apps and experimental extension support with Firefox extensions and Chrome extensions among many other changes.

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Each of the component software products in the GNOME project has its own version number and release schedule.

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GNOME 40 started a new versioning scheme in which a single number is incremented each biannual release.

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GNOME releases are made to the main FTP server in the form of source code with configure scripts, which are compiled by operating system vendors and integrated with the rest of their systems before distribution.

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Rather, the design of the GNOME GUI is guided by concepts described in the GNOME HIG, itself relying on insights from cognitive ergonomics.

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GNOME aims to make and keep the desktop environment physically and cognitively ergonomic for people with disabilities.

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The GNOME HIG tries to take this into account as far as possible but specific issues are solved by special software.

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Internationalization and localization of GNOME software relies on locale, and supports 197 languages with varying levels of completion, with some not being translated at all.

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GNOME allows for at least three different kinds of login sessions for desktop and one for mobile:.

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GNOME Builder is the new integrated development environment, Anjuta is the older one.

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