13 Facts About Graciliano Ramos


Graciliano Ramos de Oliveira was a Brazilian modernist writer, politician and journalist.


Graciliano Ramos is known worldwide for his portrayal of the precarious situation of the poor inhabitants of the Brazilian sertao in his novel Vidas secas.


Graciliano Ramos's characters are complex, nuanced, and tend to have pessimistic world views, from which Ramos deals with topics such as the lust for power, misogyny, and infidelity.


Graciliano Ramos's protagonists are mostly lower-class men from northeastern Brazil, which are often aspiring writers, or illiterate country workers, all of which usually have to deal with poverty and complex social relations.


Graciliano Ramos de Oliveira was born in the city of Quebrangulo, in the Brazilian state of Alagoas, on October 27,1892, to Sebastiao Ramos de Oliveira and Maria Amelia Ramos.


Graciliano Ramos would spend most part of his childhood travelling through different cities of Northeast Brazil.


Graciliano Ramos published texts in the magazine O Malho, under the pen name Feliciano de Olivenca, and founded a short-lived periodical named Echo Vicosense in 1906.


In 1927, Graciliano Ramos was elected mayor of Palmeira dos Indios: he took office in 1928 and would abdicate his post in 1930.


Graciliano Ramos was diagnosed with lung cancer and, after an unsuccessful surgery, died on March 20,1953.


Graciliano Ramos is survived by one daughter and many grandchildren and great-grandchildren.


Graciliano Ramos described himself as an atheist, although he enjoyed reading the Bible.


The work of Graciliano Ramos should enter into public domain on January 1,2024, after the 70th anniversary of the author's death, according to Brazilian law.


However, the last surviving daughter of Graciliano Ramos died in 2022.