16 Facts About Henry Bacon


Henry Bacon was an American Beaux-Arts architect who is best remembered for the Lincoln Memorial in Washington, DC, which was his final project.

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Henry Bacon studied briefly at the University of Illinois, Urbana, but left to begin his architectural career as a draftsman.

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Henry Bacon traveled with another fellowship student, Albert Kahn of Detroit, Michigan, who would become a leading industrial architect.

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In 1897, Henry Bacon left with James Brite, a younger architect from the firm, to found the partnership of Brite and Henry Bacon Architects.

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Brite was in charge of financial, administrative and contracting aspects of the partnership, while Henry Bacon was in charge of the architectural design and construction.

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In 1897, Henry Bacon was approached by a group, which had organized to raise public and private funds to build a monument in Washington, DC to memorialize President Abraham Lincoln.

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Henry Bacon began his conceptual, artistic, and architectural design for the Lincoln Memorial that year.

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Henry Bacon continued in the effort, although the funding to build the project was not secured until years later.

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The Brite and Henry Bacon Partnership dissolved in 1902, partly resulting from Brite's disagreement over Henry Bacon's passion and the unpaid time he spent on the memorial design.

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In 1913, Henry Bacon was elected into the National Academy of Design as an associate member, and he became a full member in 1917.

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Henry Bacon was very active as a designer of monuments and settings for public sculpture.

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Henry Bacon designed the Court of the Four Seasons for the 1915 Panama-Pacific Exposition in San Francisco, and the World War I Memorial at Yale University.

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Henry Bacon skillfully integrated into a residential setting many of his signature Greek Revival and Roman Renaissance elements and proportions.

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Third Henry Bacon-designed private residence is Chesterwood House, which he designed for his friend, the noted sculptor Daniel Chester French, as his summer home and studio at Stockbridge, Massachusetts.

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Henry Bacon served as a member of the US Commission of Fine Arts from 1921 until his death in 1924.

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Henry Bacon died of cancer in New York City, and he is buried at Oakdale Cemetery in Wilmington, North Carolina.

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