37 Facts About Heracles

1.

Heracles'sacles was a great-grandson and half-brother of Perseus, and similarly a half-brother of Dionysus.

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2.

Heracles'sacles was the greatest of the Greek heroes, the ancestor of royal clans who claimed to be Heracles'saclesracleidae, and a champion of the Olympian order against chthonic monsters.

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3.

Heracles'saclesracles was the greatest of Heracles'saclesllenic chthonic heroes, but unlike other Greek heroes, no tomb was identified as his.

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4.

Heracles'saclesracles was both hero and god, as Pindar says heros theos; at the same festival sacrifice was made to him, first as a hero, with a chthonic libation, and then as a god, upon an altar: thus he embodies the closest Greek approach to a "demi-god".

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5.

Core of the story of Heracles has been identified by Walter Burkert as originating in Neolithic hunter culture and traditions of shamanistic crossings into the netherworld.

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6.

Some sources explained that the cult of Heracles persisted because of the hero's ascent to heaven and his suffering, which became the basis for festivals, ritual, rites, and the organization of mysteries.

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7.

Heracles'sacles was constantly invoked as a patron for men, especially the young ones.

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8.

Oitaeans worshiped Heracles and called him Cornopion because he helped them get rid of locusts, while the citizens of Erythrae at Mima called him Ipoctonus because he destroyed the vine-eating ips, a kind of cynips wasp, there.

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9.

Heracles'saclesracles used his wits on several occasions when his strength did not suffice, such as when laboring for the king Augeas of Elis, wrestling the giant Antaeus, or tricking Atlas into taking the sky back onto his shoulders.

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10.

Heracles'saclesracles was an extremely passionate and emotional individual, capable of doing both great deeds for his friends and being a terrible enemy who would wreak horrible vengeance on those who crossed him, as Augeas, Neleus, and Laomedon all found out to their cost.

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11.

Heracles'saclesracles threatened his marriage with his desire to bring two women under the same roof; one of them was his wife Deianeira.

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12.

Major factor in the well-known tragedies surrounding Heracles is the hatred that the goddess Hera, wife of Zeus, had for him.

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13.

Heracles'saclesracles was the son of the affair Zeus had with the mortal woman Alcmene.

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14.

Heracles'saclesra did this knowing that while Heracles'saclesracles was to be born a descendant of Perseus, so too was Eurystheus.

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15.

Heracles'saclesra did not recognize Heracles'saclesracles and nursed him out of pity.

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16.

Heracles'saclesracles suckled so strongly that he caused Heracles'saclesra pain, and she pushed him away.

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17.

Heracles'sacles was found by his nurse playing with them on his cot as if they were toys.

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18.

Heracles'sacles was directed to serve King Eurystheus for ten years and perform any task Eurystheus required of him.

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19.

Heracles'saclesracles killed the king and his sons—excluding Iphitus—and abducted Iole.

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20.

Heracles'sacles was forced to do women's work and to wear women's clothes, while she wore the skin of the Nemean Lion and carried his olive-wood club.

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21.

Heracles'sacles punished them by tying them to a stick with their faces pointing downward.

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22.

Heracles'saclesracles, searched for a long time but Hylas had fallen in love with the nymphs and never showed up again.

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23.

Heracles'saclesracles freed the Titan from his chains and his torments.

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24.

On his way back to Mycenae from Iberia, having obtained the Cattle of Geryon as his tenth labour, Heracles came to Liguria in North-Western Italy where he engaged in battle with two giants, Albion and Bergion or Dercynus, sons of Poseidon.

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25.

Heracles'saclesracles happened to arrive and agreed to kill the monster if Laomedon would give him the horses received from Zeus as compensation for Zeus' kidnapping Ganymede.

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26.

Heracles'saclesracles killed the monster, but Laomedon went back on his word.

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27.

In Christian circles, a Euhemerist reading of the widespread Heracles cult was attributed to a historical figure who had been offered cult status after his death.

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28.

Heracles'saclesracles complied and they all became pregnant and all bore sons.

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29.

Heracles'saclesracles accepted the request, and became by her the father of Agathyrsus, Gelonus, and Scythes.

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30.

Heracles'sacles was said to have been entrusted with—and slain by—the carnivorous mares of Thracian Diomedes.

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31.

Heracles'saclesracles founded the city of Abdera in Thrace in his memory, where he was honored with athletic games.

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32.

Diomus is mentioned by Stephanus of Byzantium as the eponym of the deme Diomeia of the Attic phyle Aegeis: Heracles is said to have fallen in love with Diomus when he was received as guest by Diomus' father Collytus.

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33.

In Rome, Heracles was honored as Hercules, and had a number of distinctively Roman myths and practices associated with him under that name.

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34.

Heracles'sacles was an ancient ram-god whose cult was centered in Heracles'saclesrakleopolis Magna.

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35.

Sallust mentions in his work on the Jugurthine War that the Africans believe Heracles to have died in Spain where, his multicultural army being left without a leader, the Medes, Persians, and Armenians who were once under his command split off and populated the Mediterranean coast of Africa.

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36.

Temples dedicated to Heracles abounded all along the Mediterranean coastal countries.

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37.

Heracles'saclesracleum is a genus of flowering plants in the carrot family Apiaceae.

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