19 Facts About Hermann Lotze


Rudolf Hermann Lotze was a German philosopher and logician.


Hermann Lotze had a medical degree and was well versed in biology.


Hermann Lotze argued that if the physical world is governed by mechanical laws and relations, then developments in the universe could be explained as the functioning of a world mind.


Hermann Lotze attended the University of Leipzig as a student of philosophy and natural sciences, but entered officially as a student of medicine when he was seventeen.


Hermann Lotze was attracted both by science and by the German idealism of Johann Gottlieb Fichte, Friedrich Wilhelm Joseph Schelling and Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel.


Hermann Lotze laid the foundation of his philosophical system in his Metaphysik and his Logik, short books published while still a junior lecturer at Leipzig University, whence he moved to Gottingen, succeeding Johann Friedrich Herbart in the chair of philosophy.


Hermann Lotze first became known to a larger circle through a series of works which aimed at establishing the study of both the physical and mental phenomena of the human organism.


Hermann Lotze applied the same general principles which had been adopted in the investigation of inorganic phenomena.


When Hermann Lotze published these works, medical science was still under the influence of Schelling's philosophy of nature.


The misinterpretations which he had suffered induced Hermann Lotze to publish a small polemical pamphlet, in which he corrected two mistakes.


Hermann Lotze denied that he belonged to the school of Herbart.


Hermann Lotze worked in a post-revolutionary time of transition between the idealistic and rationalist legacies of Leibniz, Kant and Hegel and the new materialism and scientific interpretation of reality.


Hermann Lotze believed that everywhere in the wide realm of observation we find three distinct regions: the region of facts, the region of laws and the region of standards of value.


Hermann Lotze proposed a view called teleological idealism, whose central principle is the principle of teleomechanism, the idea that, in logic, metaphysics and science, mechanism is compatible with teleology.


Hermann Lotze's lectures ranged over a wide field: he delivered annually lectures on psychology and on logic, then at longer intervals lectures on metaphysics, philosophy of nature, philosophy of art, philosophy of religion, rarely on history of philosophy and ethics.


Hermann Lotze wanted especially to investigate those conceptions which form the initial assumptions and conditions of the several sciences, and to fix the limits of their applicability.


Hermann Lotze traced material things through our scientific discovery of them, back to the culture which gave them reality through this science, and ultimately back to the values which established this culture.


Hermann Lotze can be said to have brought philosophy out of the lecture-room into the market-place of life.


The age in which Hermann Lotze lived and wrote in Germany did not appreciate the position he took up.