10 Facts About Iranian languages


Iranian languages are grouped in three stages: Old Iranian, Middle Iranian and New Iranian .

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Term Iranian languages is applied to any language which descends from the ancestral Proto-Iranian languages language.

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Iranian languages uses the same analogue as in differentiating German from Germanic or differentiating Turkish and Turkic.

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Iranian languages all descend from a common ancestor: Proto-Iranian, which itself evolved from Proto-Indo-Iranian.

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Proto-Iranian thus dates to some time after the Proto-Indo-Iranian breakup, or the early-2nd millennium BCE, as the Old Iranian languages began to break off and evolve separately as the various Iranian tribes migrated and settled in vast areas of southeastern Europe, the Iranian Plateau, and Central Asia.

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Proto-Iranian languages innovations compared to Proto-Indo-Iranian languages include: the turning of sibilant fricative *s into non-sibilant fricative glottal *h; the voiced aspirated plosives *b?, *d?, *g? yielding to the voiced unaspirated plosives *b, *d, *g resp.

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Two of the earliest dialectal divisions among Iranian languages indeed happen to not follow the later division into Western and Eastern blocks.

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Linguistically the Middle Iranian languages are conventionally classified into two main groups, Western and Eastern.

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The old prestige form of Middle Iranian languages, known as Pahlavi, was replaced by a new standard dialect called Dari as the official language of the court.

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Geographical regions in which Iranian languages were spoken were pushed back in several areas by newly neighbouring languages.

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