11 Facts About Islamic theology


Schools of Islamic theology are various Islamic schools and branches in different schools of thought regarding ?aqidah.

FactSnippet No. 2,451,880

The main schools of Islamic Theology include the Qadariyah, Falasifa Jahmiyya, Murji'ah, Mu?tazila, Batiniyya, Ash?ari, Maturidi, and Athari.

FactSnippet No. 2,451,881

However, modern historians and scholars of Islamic studies recognize that some instances of theological thought were already developed among polytheistic Pagans in pre-Islamic Arabia, such as the belief in fatalism, which reoccurs in Islamic theology regarding the metaphysical debates on the attributes of God in Islam, predestination, and human free-will.

FactSnippet No. 2,451,882

One of the earliest systematic schools of Islamic theology to develop was the Mu?tazila in the mid-8th century CE.

FactSnippet No. 2,451,883

Traditionalist Islamic theology rejects the use of kalam, regarding humans reason as sinful in unseen matters.

FactSnippet No. 2,451,884

Related searches

God Sunni

Islamic theology was noted for his teachings on atomism, among the earliest Islamic philosophies, and for al-Ash?ari this was the basis for propagating the view that God created every moment in time and every particle of matter.

FactSnippet No. 2,451,885

Islamic theology nonetheless believed in free will, elaborating the thoughts of Dirar ibn 'Amr and Abu Hanifa into a "dual agent" or "acquisition" account of free will.

FactSnippet No. 2,451,886

Al-Ash?ari established a middle way between the doctrines of the Athari and Mu?tazila schools of Islamic theology, based both on reliance on the sacred scriptures of Islam and theological rationalism concerning the agency and attributes of God.

FactSnippet No. 2,451,887

Islamic theology was an exponent of extreme determinism according to which a man acts only metaphorically in the same way in which the sun acts or does something when it sets.

FactSnippet No. 2,451,888

The tension between free will and God's omnipotence was later reconciled by the Maturidi school of Islamic theology, which asserted that God grants human beings their agency, but can remove or otherwise alter it at any time.

FactSnippet No. 2,451,889

The later schools of Sunni Islamic theology adopted their stance while form more developed theological schools and concepts.

FactSnippet No. 2,451,890