24 Facts About Jain philosophy


Jain philosophy refers to the ancient Indian philosophical system found in Jainism.

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One of the main features of Jain philosophy is its dualistic metaphysics, which holds that there are two distinct categories of existence, the living, conscious or sentient being and the non-living or material.

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Jeffery D Long affirms the realistic nature of Jain metaphysics, which is a kind of pluralism that asserts the existence of various realities.

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Helmuth von Glasenapp pointed out that a central principle of Jain philosophy thought is its attempt to provide an ontology that includes both permanence and change.

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Some Jain philosophy texts add analogy as the fourth reliable means, in a manner similar to epistemological theories found in other Indian religions.

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Jainism Mahavira Buddha Buddhism

Jain philosophy epistemology includes three related doctrines which deal with the complex and manifold nature of knowledge: anekantavada, syadvada and nayavada.

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Indeed, the Jain philosophy texts depict Mahavira as answering certain metaphysical questions that were considered 'unanswerable' by the Buddha.

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Kundakunda's Jain philosophy is especially influential in Digambara thought, though it has influenced some Svetambara scholars.

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Siddhasena identified the various nayas with the different Indian philosophies, all of which are seen as one-sided and extreme views, while the Jain philosophy view is seen as being in the middle and as embracing all the various points of views, which, while seemingly contradictory, are just partial perspectives of the whole truth.

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Unique Jain philosophy view is that plants have a form of consciousness like other animals.

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Our world according to Jain philosophy cosmology is a massive structure, wide at the bottom, narrow in the middle and broad in its upper regions.

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Jain philosophy cosmology denies the existence of a supreme being responsible for creation and operation of the universe.

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Some Jain philosophy philosophers hold that time is a substance, while others do not.

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Jain philosophy doctrine holds that it is possible for us to both modify our karma, and to obtain release from it, through the austerities and purity of conduct.

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The ultimate Jain philosophy goal is spiritual liberation, which is often defined as release from all karmas.

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Jain philosophy ethics is rooted in its metaphysics, particularly its karma theory.

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Jain philosophy philosophers hold that harmful actions cause the soul to be tainted and defiled with karmas.

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Jain philosophy ascetics are even more scrupulous regarding the vows, for example, regarding the first vow of ahimsa, they will often carry a broom or another tool to sweep the floor of small animals in front of them.

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Jain philosophy philosophers developed a schema of 14 stages of spiritual development called Gunasthana.

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Jain philosophy's Tattvarthasutra drew together all the ancient Jain doctrines and presented them in a systematic sutra style.

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Jain philosophy's work was extremely influential and is accepted by all Jain schools of thought today.

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Harry Oldmeadow notes that Jain philosophy remained fairly standard throughout history and the later elaborations only sought to further elucidate preexisting doctrine and avoided changing the ontological status of the components.

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However, the Jain philosophy tradition has since ancient times been divided into the Svetambara and the Digambara traditions.

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Jain philosophy ideas seem to have had some influence on the Buddha and on Early Buddhism, and both worldviews share many common ideas.

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