Hans Peter Wilhelm Arp, better known as Jean Arp in English, was a German-French sculptor, painter, and poet.
12 Facts About Jean Arp
Jean Arp was known as a Dadaist and an abstract artist.
Jean Arp was a founder-member of the first modern art alliance in Switzerland Moderne Bund in Lucerne in 1911, participating in their exhibitions from 1911 to 1913.
Jean Arp was encouraged by him in his researches and exhibited with the Der Blaue Reiter group.
Jean Arp later told the story of how, when he was notified to report to the German consulate in Zurich, he pretended to be mentally ill in order to avoid being drafted into the German Army: after crossing himself whenever he saw a portrait of Paul von Hindenburg, Jean Arp was given paperwork on which he was told to write his date of birth on the first blank line.
Jean Arp produced several small works made of multiple elements that the viewer could pick up, separate, and rearrange into new configurations.
Jean Arp visited New York City in 1949 for a solo exhibition at the Buchholz Gallery, and this coincided with a general international recognition of his work.
In 1958, a retrospective of Jean Arp's work was held at the Museum of Modern Art in New York City, followed by an exhibition at the Musee National d'Art Moderne in Paris in 1962.
Jean Arp's career was distinguished with many awards including the Grand Prize for sculpture at the 1954 Venice Biennale, a sculpture prizes at the 1964 Pittsburgh International, the 1963 Grand Prix National des Arts, the 1964 Carnegie Prize, the 1965 Goethe Prize from the University of Hamburg, and then the Order of Merit with a Star of the German Republic.
Jean Arp died in Zurich in 1943 from accidental carbon monoxide poisoning.
Jean Arp married the collector Marguerite Hagenbach, his long-time companion, in 1959.
Jean Arp, reproduced in 391, No 8, Zurich, February 1919.