23 Facts About Jonah

1.

Jonah or Jonas, son of Amittai, is a prophet in the Hebrew Bible and the Quran, from Gath-hepher of the northern kingdom of Israel in about the 8th century BCE.

FactSnippet No. 1,776,115
2.

Jonah is the central figure of the Book of Jonah, which details his reluctance in delivering God's judgement on the city of Nineveh, and then his subsequent, albeit begrudged, return to the divine mission after he is swallowed by a large sea creature.

FactSnippet No. 1,776,116
3.

In Judaism, the story of Jonah represents the teaching of teshuva, which is the ability to repent and be forgiven by God.

FactSnippet No. 1,776,117
4.

Jonah is regarded as a prophet in Islam and the biblical narrative of Jonah is repeated in the Quran.

FactSnippet No. 1,776,118
5.

Jonah admits this and states that if he is thrown overboard, the storm will cease.

FactSnippet No. 1,776,119
6.

Jonah, now being exposed to the full force of the sun, becomes faint and pleads for God to kill him.

FactSnippet No. 1,776,120
7.

Book of Jonah is one of the twelve minor prophets included in the Tanakh.

FactSnippet No. 1,776,121
8.

The Book of Jonah is read every year, in its original Hebrew and in its entirety, on Yom Kippur – the Day of Atonement – as the Haftarah at the afternoon mincha prayer.

FactSnippet No. 1,776,122
9.

The Leviathan heard Jonah's threats, saw that he was circumcised, and realized that he was protected by the Lord, so it fled in terror, leaving Jonah and the fish alive.

FactSnippet No. 1,776,123
10.

Jonah is mentioned twice in the fourteenth chapter of the deuterocanonical Book of Tobit, the conclusion of which finds Tobit's son, Tobias, rejoicing at the news of Nineveh's destruction by Nebuchadnezzar and Ahasuerus in apparent fulfillment of Jonah's prophecy against the Assyrian capital.

FactSnippet No. 1,776,124
11.

Jonah is regarded as a saint by a number of Christian denominations.

FactSnippet No. 1,776,125
12.

Jonah being in swallowed by the giant fish was regarded as a foreshadowing of Jesus's crucifixion and Jonah emerging from the fish after three days was seen as a parallel for Jesus emerging from the tomb after three days.

FactSnippet No. 1,776,126
13.

Luther questioned the idea that the Book of Jonah was ever intended as literal history, commenting that he found it hard to believe that anyone would have interpreted it as such if it had never been included in the Bible.

FactSnippet No. 1,776,127
14.

Luther's antisemitic interpretation of Jonah remained the prevailing interpretation among German Protestants throughout early modern history.

FactSnippet No. 1,776,128
15.

Jonah is the only one of Judaism's Twelve Minor Prophets to be named in the Quran.

FactSnippet No. 1,776,129
16.

Jonah is mentioned in a few incidents during the lifetime of Muhammad.

FactSnippet No. 1,776,130
17.

Ninth-century Persian historian Al-Tabari records that, while Jonah was inside the fish, "none of his bones or members were injured".

FactSnippet No. 1,776,131
18.

Tomb of Jonah can be found in Diyarbakir, Turkey, located behind the mihrab at Fatih Pasha Mosque.

FactSnippet No. 1,776,132
19.

Jonah's rejection of God's commands is a parody of the obedience of the prophets described in other Old Testament writings.

FactSnippet No. 1,776,133
20.

Book of Jonah employs elements of literary absurdism; it exaggerates the size of the city of Nineveh to an implausible degree and incorrectly refers to the administrator of the city as a "king".

FactSnippet No. 1,776,134
21.

Jonah translated ketos as ventre ceti in Matthew 12:40: this second case occurs only in this verse of the New Testament.

FactSnippet No. 1,776,135
22.

Debate over the fish in the Book of Jonah played a major role during Clarence Darrow's cross-examination of William Jennings Bryan at the Scopes Trial in 1925.

FactSnippet No. 1,776,136
23.

The story of Jonah was adapted into Phil Vischer and Mike Nawrocki's animated film Jonah: A VeggieTales Movie.

FactSnippet No. 1,776,137