19 Facts About Kanji Ishiwara

1. Kanji Ishiwara was born in Tsuruoka City, Yamagata Prefecture, into a samurai class family.

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2. At 13, Kanji Ishiwara was enrolled in a military preparatory school.

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3. Kanji Ishiwara was accepted at the 21st class of the Imperial Japanese Army Academy and graduated in 1909.

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4. Kanji Ishiwara served in the IJA 65th Infantry Regiment in Korea after its annexation by Japan in 1910, and in 1915, he passed the exams for admittance to the 30th class of the Army Staff College.

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5. Kanji Ishiwara spent several years in various staff assignments and then was selected to study in Germany as a military attache.

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6. Kanji Ishiwara stayed in Berlin and in Munich from 1922 to 1925, focusing on military history and military strategy.

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7. Kanji Ishiwara felt that the period of world conflict was fast approaching, and Japan, relying upon its vision of the kokutai and its sacred mission to "liberate" China, would lead a unified East Asia to defeat the West.

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8. Kanji Ishiwara was the leader of a semi-religious and Pan-Asianist organization, the East-Asia League Movement.

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9. Kanji Ishiwara arrived there at the end of 1928, some months after the assassination of Zhang Zuolin.

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10. Kanji Ishiwara thought it most likely that he would be executed or at least dishonorably discharged for his insubordination.

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11. Kanji Ishiwara envisioned a one-party "national defense state" with a command economy in which political parties were abolished and venal politicians and greedy businessmen removed from power.

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12. In March 1937 Kanji Ishiwara was promoted to major general and transferred back to Manchukuo as Vice Chief of Staff of the Kwantung Army.

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13. Kanji Ishiwara confronted the Kwantung Army commander-in-chief, General Hideki Tojo, over his allocation of funds to an officers' wives club.

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14. Kanji Ishiwara wrote and gave public addresses, continuing to advocate an East Asia League partnership with China and Manchukuo and continuing to oppose the invasion of China.

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15. Kanji Ishiwara became a lieutenant general in 1939 and was assigned command of the IJA 16th Division.

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16. Kanji Ishiwara went back to Yamagata, where he continued to write and study agriculture until the end of the war.

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17. Kanji Ishiwara displayed his old fire in front of the American prosecutor, arguing that US President Harry S Truman should be indicted for the mass bombing of Japanese civilians.

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18. Kanji Ishiwara is a supporting character in the Japanese historical fantasy novel Teito Monogatari by Hiroshi Aramata.

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19. Kanji Ishiwara is shown in both personal terms and as one of the main instigators of the Northern Empire.

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