30 Facts About Lithium


Lithium metal is isolated electrolytically from a mixture of lithium chloride and potassium chloride.

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Lithium is present in biological systems in trace amounts; its functions are uncertain.

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Lithium salts have proven to be useful as a mood stabilizer and antidepressant in the treatment of mental illness such as bipolar disorder.

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Lithium is superconductive below 400 µK at standard pressure and at higher temperatures at very high pressures .

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Lithium is found in brown dwarf substellar objects and certain anomalous orange stars.

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Lithium competes with bivalent magnesium ions, whose ionic radius is approximately that of the lithium ion .

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Lithium is used to decrease the melting temperature of glass and to improve the melting behavior of aluminium oxide in the Hall-Heroult process.

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Lithium reacts with water easily, but with noticeably less vigor than other alkali metals.

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Lithium is one of the few metals that react with nitrogen gas.

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Lithium has a diagonal relationship with magnesium, an element of similar atomic and ionic radius.

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Lithium carbonate has been described as the most important compound of lithium.

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Lithium production has greatly increased since the end of World War II.

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The Lithium Triangle is known for its high-quality salt flats, which include Bolivia's Salar de Uyuni, Chile's Salar de Atacama, and Argentina's Salar de Arizaro.

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Lithium oxide is widely used as a flux for processing silica, reducing the melting point and viscosity of the material and leading to glazes with improved physical properties including low coefficients of thermal expansion.

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Lithium carbonate is generally used in this application because it converts to the oxide upon heating.

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Lithium hydroxide is a strong base and, when heated with a fat, produces a soap made of lithium stearate.

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Lithium soap has the ability to thicken oils, and it is used to manufacture all-purpose, high-temperature lubricating greases.

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Lithium compounds are used as additives to foundry sand for iron casting to reduce veining.

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Lithium has been found effective in assisting the perfection of silicon nano-welds in electronic components for electric batteries and other devices.

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Lithium compounds are used as pyrotechnic colorants and oxidizers in red fireworks and flares.

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Lithium hydroxide absorbs carbon dioxide from the air by forming lithium carbonate, and is preferred over other alkaline hydroxides for its low weight.

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Lithium fluoride is sometimes used in focal lenses of telescopes.

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Lithium hydride containing lithium-6 is used in thermonuclear weapons, where it serves as fuel for the fusion stage of the bomb.

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Lithium-6 is valued as a source material for tritium production and as a neutron absorber in nuclear fusion.

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Lithium deuteride was the fusion fuel of choice in early versions of the hydrogen bomb.

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Lithium fluoride is exceptionally chemically stable and LiF-BeF2 mixtures have low melting points.

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Lithium is used as a source for alpha particles, or helium nuclei.

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Lithium has been researched as a possible treatment for cluster headaches.

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Lithium metal is corrosive and requires special handling to avoid skin contact.

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Lithium is safely stored in non-reactive compounds such as naphtha.

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