23 Facts About Napoleon

1. Napoleon was born in Corsica, where people spoke an Italian dialect closely related to Tuscan.

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2. Napoleon was in sight of victory when the Prussians under Gebhard Blucher arrived to reinforce the British, and soon, despite the heroism of the Old Guard, Napoleon was defeated.

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3. Napoleon was educated at three schools: briefly at Autun, for five years at the military college of Brienne, and finally for one year at the military academy in Paris.

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4. Napoleon was born on Corsica shortly after the island's cession to France by the Genoese.

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5. On June 22, 1815, Napoleon was forced to abdicate.

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6. Napoleon was born into a family of minor nobility on Corsica­—a large island off the coast of Italy—a year after it became a French territory.

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7. Napoleon was awarded the title of the Duke of Reichstadt in 1818 and died of tuberculosis aged 21, with no children.

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8. Napoleon was responsible for spreading the values of the French Revolution to other countries, especially in legal reform and the abolition of serfdom.

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9. Napoleon was mocked in British newspapers as a short tempered small man and he was nicknamed "Little Boney in a strong fit".

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10. Napoleon was an innovator in using the financial, bureaucratic, and diplomatic resources of France.

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11. Napoleon was seen as so favourable to the Jews that the Russian Orthodox Church formally condemned him as "Antichrist and the Enemy of God".

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12. On 1 April 1810, Napoleon married the Austrian princess Marie Louise in a Catholic ceremony.

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13. In 1861, Napoleon's remains were entombed in a porphyry stone sarcophagus in the crypt under the dome at Les Invalides.

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14. Napoleon was moved to Longwood House on Saint Helena in December 1815; it had fallen into disrepair, and the location was damp, windswept and unhealthy.

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15. In early November Napoleon got concerned about loss of control back in France after the Malet coup of 1812.

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16. Napoleon was crowned King of Italy, with the Iron Crown of Lombardy, at the Cathedral of Milan on 26 May 1805.

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17. Napoleon was moved to the Bureau of Topography of the Committee of Public Safety and sought unsuccessfully to be transferred to Constantinople in order to offer his services to the Sultan.

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18. Napoleon was a supporter of the republican Jacobin movement, organising clubs in Corsica, and was given command over a battalion of volunteers.

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19. Napoleon was the first Corsican to graduate from the Ecole Militaire.

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20. Napoleon was born the same year the Republic of Genoa, a former commune of Italy, transferred Corsica to France.

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21. Napoleon was exiled to the island of Elba off the coast of Tuscany, and the Bourbon dynasty was restored to power.

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22. Napoleon was serving as an artillery officer in the French army when the French Revolution erupted in 1789.

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23. Napoleon was Emperor of the French from 1804 until 1814 and again briefly in 1815 during the Hundred Days.

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